Synchronization of ventricular fibrillation with real-time feedback pacing

Implication to low-energy defibrillation

huinam pak, Yen Bin Liu, Hideki Hayashi, Yuji Okuyama, Peng Sheng Chen, Shien Fong Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wavefront synchronization is an important aspect preceding the termination of ventricular fibrillation (VF). We evaluated the defibrillation efficacy of a novel multisite pacing algorithm using optical recording-guided synchronized pacing (SyncP) in the excitable gaps. We compared the effects of SyncP with traditional overdrive pacing (ODP) at 90% of the VF cycle length (VFCL) and high-frequency pacing (HFP; 43-215 Hz) on spontaneous VF termination in isolated rabbit hearts. For SyncP, the pacing current was triggered by the activation of a reference site and was delivered when the optical potential of the pacing site was in an excitable gap. We measured VFCL and the spatial dispersion of VFCL (SDCL) from five points (3 points in the paced area and 2 points in the nonpaced area) and the distribution of phase singularities during the prepacing, pacing, and postpacing periods. The results showed that 1) the VF termination rate of SyncP (16.0%, n = 106) was higher than that of ODP (2.1%, n = 48, P < 0.01) or HFP (1.6%, n = 129, P < 0.0001); 2) energy consumption for SyncP (7.6 ± 9.3 mJ) was significantly lower than that of ODP (14.0 ± 14.8 mJ, P < 0.0001); and 3) SyncP, but not ODP or HFP, decreased SDCL in the paced area during the pacing (P < 0.01) and postpacing (P < 0.05) periods compared with the prepacing period. We conclude that SyncP is effective in inducing wavefront synchronization and is more effective at facilitating spontaneous VF termination than non-SyncP.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume285
Issue number6 54-6
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec 1

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Ventricular Fibrillation
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{45b41df38d404a6285aa0f545cca7463,
title = "Synchronization of ventricular fibrillation with real-time feedback pacing: Implication to low-energy defibrillation",
abstract = "Wavefront synchronization is an important aspect preceding the termination of ventricular fibrillation (VF). We evaluated the defibrillation efficacy of a novel multisite pacing algorithm using optical recording-guided synchronized pacing (SyncP) in the excitable gaps. We compared the effects of SyncP with traditional overdrive pacing (ODP) at 90{\%} of the VF cycle length (VFCL) and high-frequency pacing (HFP; 43-215 Hz) on spontaneous VF termination in isolated rabbit hearts. For SyncP, the pacing current was triggered by the activation of a reference site and was delivered when the optical potential of the pacing site was in an excitable gap. We measured VFCL and the spatial dispersion of VFCL (SDCL) from five points (3 points in the paced area and 2 points in the nonpaced area) and the distribution of phase singularities during the prepacing, pacing, and postpacing periods. The results showed that 1) the VF termination rate of SyncP (16.0{\%}, n = 106) was higher than that of ODP (2.1{\%}, n = 48, P < 0.01) or HFP (1.6{\%}, n = 129, P < 0.0001); 2) energy consumption for SyncP (7.6 ± 9.3 mJ) was significantly lower than that of ODP (14.0 ± 14.8 mJ, P < 0.0001); and 3) SyncP, but not ODP or HFP, decreased SDCL in the paced area during the pacing (P < 0.01) and postpacing (P < 0.05) periods compared with the prepacing period. We conclude that SyncP is effective in inducing wavefront synchronization and is more effective at facilitating spontaneous VF termination than non-SyncP.",
author = "huinam pak and Liu, {Yen Bin} and Hideki Hayashi and Yuji Okuyama and Chen, {Peng Sheng} and Lin, {Shien Fong}",
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Synchronization of ventricular fibrillation with real-time feedback pacing : Implication to low-energy defibrillation. / pak, huinam; Liu, Yen Bin; Hayashi, Hideki; Okuyama, Yuji; Chen, Peng Sheng; Lin, Shien Fong.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 285, No. 6 54-6, 01.12.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synchronization of ventricular fibrillation with real-time feedback pacing

T2 - Implication to low-energy defibrillation

AU - pak, huinam

AU - Liu, Yen Bin

AU - Hayashi, Hideki

AU - Okuyama, Yuji

AU - Chen, Peng Sheng

AU - Lin, Shien Fong

PY - 2003/12/1

Y1 - 2003/12/1

N2 - Wavefront synchronization is an important aspect preceding the termination of ventricular fibrillation (VF). We evaluated the defibrillation efficacy of a novel multisite pacing algorithm using optical recording-guided synchronized pacing (SyncP) in the excitable gaps. We compared the effects of SyncP with traditional overdrive pacing (ODP) at 90% of the VF cycle length (VFCL) and high-frequency pacing (HFP; 43-215 Hz) on spontaneous VF termination in isolated rabbit hearts. For SyncP, the pacing current was triggered by the activation of a reference site and was delivered when the optical potential of the pacing site was in an excitable gap. We measured VFCL and the spatial dispersion of VFCL (SDCL) from five points (3 points in the paced area and 2 points in the nonpaced area) and the distribution of phase singularities during the prepacing, pacing, and postpacing periods. The results showed that 1) the VF termination rate of SyncP (16.0%, n = 106) was higher than that of ODP (2.1%, n = 48, P < 0.01) or HFP (1.6%, n = 129, P < 0.0001); 2) energy consumption for SyncP (7.6 ± 9.3 mJ) was significantly lower than that of ODP (14.0 ± 14.8 mJ, P < 0.0001); and 3) SyncP, but not ODP or HFP, decreased SDCL in the paced area during the pacing (P < 0.01) and postpacing (P < 0.05) periods compared with the prepacing period. We conclude that SyncP is effective in inducing wavefront synchronization and is more effective at facilitating spontaneous VF termination than non-SyncP.

AB - Wavefront synchronization is an important aspect preceding the termination of ventricular fibrillation (VF). We evaluated the defibrillation efficacy of a novel multisite pacing algorithm using optical recording-guided synchronized pacing (SyncP) in the excitable gaps. We compared the effects of SyncP with traditional overdrive pacing (ODP) at 90% of the VF cycle length (VFCL) and high-frequency pacing (HFP; 43-215 Hz) on spontaneous VF termination in isolated rabbit hearts. For SyncP, the pacing current was triggered by the activation of a reference site and was delivered when the optical potential of the pacing site was in an excitable gap. We measured VFCL and the spatial dispersion of VFCL (SDCL) from five points (3 points in the paced area and 2 points in the nonpaced area) and the distribution of phase singularities during the prepacing, pacing, and postpacing periods. The results showed that 1) the VF termination rate of SyncP (16.0%, n = 106) was higher than that of ODP (2.1%, n = 48, P < 0.01) or HFP (1.6%, n = 129, P < 0.0001); 2) energy consumption for SyncP (7.6 ± 9.3 mJ) was significantly lower than that of ODP (14.0 ± 14.8 mJ, P < 0.0001); and 3) SyncP, but not ODP or HFP, decreased SDCL in the paced area during the pacing (P < 0.01) and postpacing (P < 0.05) periods compared with the prepacing period. We conclude that SyncP is effective in inducing wavefront synchronization and is more effective at facilitating spontaneous VF termination than non-SyncP.

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M3 - Article

VL - 285

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

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