Synergetic effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in the active and support layers on the performance of thin-film composite membranes

Hee Ro Chae, Chung Hak Lee, Pyungkyu Park, In Chul Kim, Jae Hyuk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We herein report the first instance of the enhancement in membrane performance achieved by embedding graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets in both the polyamide (PA) active and polysulfone (PSf) support layers. The GO nanosheets were prepared via chemical exfoliation and separately dispersed in a PSf solution to fabricate the support layer and in an m-phenylenediamine (MPD) aqueous solution for interfacial polymerization of the PA layer. After precise characterization of the prepared membranes, membrane performances were evaluated using a lab-scale RO device. The water permeability and anti-biofouling property of the TFC membranes with embedded GO nanosheets in both the active and support layers were increased by 19% and 77%, respectively, compared with those of the TFC membranes with the GO nanosheets embedded only in the active layer. These increases were attributed to the changes in hydrophilicity, surface charge and surface roughness due to embedding of GO nanosheets in both layers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Nanosheets
Composite membranes
Oxides
Graphene
graphene
membranes
Membranes
Thin films
composite materials
oxides
thin films
Polysulfones
Nylons
Polyamides
embedding
Biofouling
Hydrophilicity
Surface charge
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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abstract = "We herein report the first instance of the enhancement in membrane performance achieved by embedding graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets in both the polyamide (PA) active and polysulfone (PSf) support layers. The GO nanosheets were prepared via chemical exfoliation and separately dispersed in a PSf solution to fabricate the support layer and in an m-phenylenediamine (MPD) aqueous solution for interfacial polymerization of the PA layer. After precise characterization of the prepared membranes, membrane performances were evaluated using a lab-scale RO device. The water permeability and anti-biofouling property of the TFC membranes with embedded GO nanosheets in both the active and support layers were increased by 19{\%} and 77{\%}, respectively, compared with those of the TFC membranes with the GO nanosheets embedded only in the active layer. These increases were attributed to the changes in hydrophilicity, surface charge and surface roughness due to embedding of GO nanosheets in both layers.",
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Synergetic effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in the active and support layers on the performance of thin-film composite membranes. / Chae, Hee Ro; Lee, Chung Hak; Park, Pyungkyu; Kim, In Chul; Kim, Jae Hyuk.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 525, 01.01.2017, p. 99-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Chung Hak

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AU - Kim, Jae Hyuk

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AB - We herein report the first instance of the enhancement in membrane performance achieved by embedding graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets in both the polyamide (PA) active and polysulfone (PSf) support layers. The GO nanosheets were prepared via chemical exfoliation and separately dispersed in a PSf solution to fabricate the support layer and in an m-phenylenediamine (MPD) aqueous solution for interfacial polymerization of the PA layer. After precise characterization of the prepared membranes, membrane performances were evaluated using a lab-scale RO device. The water permeability and anti-biofouling property of the TFC membranes with embedded GO nanosheets in both the active and support layers were increased by 19% and 77%, respectively, compared with those of the TFC membranes with the GO nanosheets embedded only in the active layer. These increases were attributed to the changes in hydrophilicity, surface charge and surface roughness due to embedding of GO nanosheets in both layers.

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