Synergistic effect of interaction between perceived health and social activity on depressive symptoms in the middle-aged and elderly: A population-based longitudinal study

Sung Youn Chun, Kyu Tae Han, Seo Yoon Lee, Chan Ok Kim, Eun Cheol Park

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the synergistic effect of interaction between perceived health and social activity on depressive symptoms. Methods: We investigated whether the interaction between perceived health and social activity has a synergistic effect on depressive symptoms in the middle-aged and elderly using data from 6590 respondents aged 45 and older in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging (KLoSA), 2006-2012. A generalised linear mixed-effects model was used to investigate the association in a longitudinal data form. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression 10 Scale (CES-D10). Perceived health and level of social activity were categorical variables with three values. Participation in six social activities was assessed. Results: Interactions between perceived health status and social activity were statistically significant for almost all social activity/perceived health combinations. Addition of the interaction term significantly decreased CES-D10 scores, confirming the synergistic effect of the interaction between perceived health status and social activity ('normalxmoderate', β=-0.1826; 'poorxmoderate', β=-0.5739; 'poorxactive' , β=-0.8935). In addition, we performed stratified analyses by region: urban or rural. In urban respondents, the additional effect of the interaction term decreased CES-D10 scores and all social activity/perceived health combinations were statistically significant ('normalxmoderate', β=-0.2578; 'normalxactive', β=-0.3945; 'poorxmoderate', β=-0.5739; 'poorxactive' , β=-0.8935). In rural respondents, only one social activity/perceived health combination was statistically significant, and the additional effect of the interaction term showed no consistent trend on CES-D10 scores. Conclusions: The interaction between perceived health and social activity has a synergistic effect on depressive symptoms; the additional effect of the interaction term significantly decreased CES-D10 scores in our models.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere007154
JournalBMJ open
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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