Corrosion and wear of implanted medical devices may produce particulate debris, leading to acute and chronic inflammatory responses in the host. In the presence of biomaterial wear particles, host monocytes/macrophages are activated to synthesize or secrete mediators of inflammation. In order to understand the mechanisms underlying the host response to particulates and device-associated infections, we have focused on the effects of medical device particles on macrophage function, because these cells play a pivotal role in the body's response to foreign bodies and their interaction with other cellular components of the immune system. In order to evaluate the effects of particles of medical device materials on functional activities of macrophages, we developed a cyclooxygenase-II (COX-II) assay system using J774A.1 macrophages. Constitutive cyclooxygenase (COX-I) is present in cells under physiological conditions, whereas inducible COX-II is induced by some cytokines, mitogens, and endotoxin, presumably in pathological conditions such as inflammation. We have evaluated the inductive effects of implant materials, i.e., particles of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), hydroxyapatite (HA), titanium oxide, and silica, on the activity of COX-II using thin layer chromatography of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) formed from [1-14C]-labeled arachidonic acid (AA). Also, we have assessed the synergistic effects of these particles on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated macrophage activation. Addition of LPS to these particles increased PGD2 production several-fold greater than the addition of any inducer alone. Our results indicated that device-associated infections could enhance inflammatory responses to the wear particles in subjects with medical implants or in whom particulate biomaterials are used for clinical purposes. The use of this model COX-II assay system may lead to the identification of inflammatory potentials for implant materials more specifically than present in vivo assays.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Jun 15|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering