Synthesis and characterization of manganese dioxide spontaneously coated on carbon nanotubes

Sang Bok Ma, Kyun Young Ahn, Eun Sung Lee, Ki Hwan Oh, Kwang Bum Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

312 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Manganese dioxide (MnO2) was coated on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by simple immersion of the CNTs into a KMnO4 aqueous solution. The synthesis mechanism was investigated by in situ monitoring of the reduction potential and pH of the solution and supplementary UV-VIS analysis of MnO4- ions in the solution. CNTs were found to act as a reducing agent and substrate for the heterogeneous nucleation of MnO2 in an aqueous KMnO4 solution. The morphology of the CNTs before and after MnO2 deposition was examined using scanning electron microscopy, which showed MnO2 deposited as a thin and uniform layer on the CNTs at an initial pH of 7, but as nano-rods of MnO2 at an initial pH 1. The MnO2 was shown to be a Birnessite-type MnO2 by X-ray powder diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The thermal stability of the CNTs, examined by thermogravimetric analysis, was improved by the thin, uniform and continuous coating of MnO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-382
Number of pages8
JournalCarbon
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 1

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Carbon Nanotubes
Manganese
Carbon nanotubes
Reducing Agents
Reducing agents
X ray powder diffraction
Raman spectroscopy
Thermogravimetric analysis
manganese dioxide
Thermodynamic stability
Nucleation
Ions
Coatings
Scanning electron microscopy
Monitoring
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Ma, Sang Bok ; Ahn, Kyun Young ; Lee, Eun Sung ; Oh, Ki Hwan ; Kim, Kwang Bum. / Synthesis and characterization of manganese dioxide spontaneously coated on carbon nanotubes. In: Carbon. 2007 ; Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 375-382.
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Synthesis and characterization of manganese dioxide spontaneously coated on carbon nanotubes. / Ma, Sang Bok; Ahn, Kyun Young; Lee, Eun Sung; Oh, Ki Hwan; Kim, Kwang Bum.

In: Carbon, Vol. 45, No. 2, 01.02.2007, p. 375-382.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Synthesis and characterization of manganese dioxide spontaneously coated on carbon nanotubes

AU - Ma, Sang Bok

AU - Ahn, Kyun Young

AU - Lee, Eun Sung

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AU - Kim, Kwang Bum

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AB - Manganese dioxide (MnO2) was coated on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by simple immersion of the CNTs into a KMnO4 aqueous solution. The synthesis mechanism was investigated by in situ monitoring of the reduction potential and pH of the solution and supplementary UV-VIS analysis of MnO4- ions in the solution. CNTs were found to act as a reducing agent and substrate for the heterogeneous nucleation of MnO2 in an aqueous KMnO4 solution. The morphology of the CNTs before and after MnO2 deposition was examined using scanning electron microscopy, which showed MnO2 deposited as a thin and uniform layer on the CNTs at an initial pH of 7, but as nano-rods of MnO2 at an initial pH 1. The MnO2 was shown to be a Birnessite-type MnO2 by X-ray powder diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The thermal stability of the CNTs, examined by thermogravimetric analysis, was improved by the thin, uniform and continuous coating of MnO2.

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