Nanohybrids based on UV-curable polyurethane acrylate (PU) and cloisite 20B (C-20B) have been synthesized by solution blending method using different loading levels of C-20B. The structures of PU/C-20B nanohybrids were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) while X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed the intercalation of PU into layer silicates. The thermal properties of PU and PU/C-20B nanohybrids were investigated by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC). TGA tests revealed that the thermal decomposition temperature (Td10%) of the nanohybrid containing 5 wt% of C-20B increased significantly, being 61 °C higher than that of pure PU while DSC measurements indicated that the introduction of 5 wt% of clay increased the glass transition temperature from 89.7 to 101 °C. Accordingly, the mechanical and anti-water absorption properties proved also to be enhanced greatly as evidenced by nanoindentation anylsis and water absorptions data in which the nanohybrid containing 5 wt% of clay have highest elastic modulus (4.508 GPa), hardness (0.230 GPa) and lowest water absorption capacity. Thus the formations of nanohybrids manifests through the enhancement of thermal, mechanical and anti-water absorption properties as compared with neat PU due to the nanometer-sized dispersion of layered silicate in polymer matrix.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry