Transglycosylation is one of enzymatic methods to improve the physical and biochemical properties of various functional compounds. In this study, stevioside glucosides were synthesized using sucrose as a substrate, stevioside (Ste) as an acceptor, and dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides B-512 F/KM. The highest Ste conversion yield of 98% was obtained with 50 mg/mL Ste, 800 mM sucrose, and dextransucrase 4 U/mL at 28 °C for 6 h. The concentration of Ste was unchanged while of Ste-G1 was increased from 7.7 mM to 9.1 mM as the Ste acceptor reaction digest was treated with dextranase from Lipomyces starkeyi. Ste-G1 (13-O-β-sophorosyl-19-O-β-isomaltosyl-steviol), Ste-G2 (13-O-(β-(1→6) glucosyl)-β-glucosylsophorosyl-19-O-β-isomaltosyl-steviol), and Ste-G2′ (13-O-β-sophorosyl-19-O-β-isomaltotriosyl-steviol) were determined by NMR. These glucosylated Ste showed increased stabilities at pH 2, 60 °C for 48 h as compared to Ste. Ste-G1, Ste-G2, and Ste-G2′ inhibited the insoluble glucan synthesis from sucrose by mutansucrase from Streptococcus muntans by the transfer of the glucosyl group of sucrose to Ste-G1, Ste-G2, and Ste-G2′. The relative water solubility of curcumin, pterostilbene or idebenone was increased by Ste or Ste glucosides treatment. Ste and Ste-G1 restored cell viability in RAW264.7 cells at concentrations up to 8 mg/mL and inhibited nitric oxide production in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells with IC50 of 3.29 and 1.87 mg/mL.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology