Synthesis and characterization of water-soluble free-base, zinc and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide conjugates

Angela Mammana, Tomohiro Asakawa, Klaus Bitsch-Jensen, Amanda Wolfe, Saireudee Chaturantabut, Yuko Otani, Xiaoxu Li, Zengmin Li, Koji Nakanishi, Milan Balaz, George A. Ellestad, Nina Berova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe the synthesis and characterization of a series of water-soluble free-base, zinc, and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide (ODN) conjugates. A non-charged tetraarylporphyrin was directly attached to the 5′-position of thymine via a short amide linker. Such a linker should allow for rigid connection to the adjacent nucleobases, thus increasing the sensitivity for monitoring conformational changes of the ODNs by electronic circular dichroism due to capping effects or ligand binding. Two complementary synthetic approaches have been used to incorporate porphyrin chromophores into the DNA. In the first approach a porphyrin carboxylic acid is conjugated to 5′-amino-ODN. In the second approach the phosphoramidite of the porphyrin-amido-thymidine is coupled to 5′-hydroxy-ODN using standard automated phosphoramidite chemistry. In both cases a spontaneous metallation of the free-base porphyrin in porphyrin-DNA conjugates was observed during the porphyrin-DNA conjugate cleavage from the solid support and its consequent deprotection using concentrated aqueous ammonia. Zinc and copper porphyrin-DNA conjugates were isolated by HPLC and characterized together with the anticipated free-base porphyrin-DNA conjugate. Authentic zinc and copper porphyrin-DNA conjugates were intentionally prepared from intentionally metallated porphyrins to compare their spectroscopic and HPLC characteristics with isolated metallospecies and to confirm the spontaneous metallation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6544-6551
Number of pages8
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Porphyrins
Oligonucleotides
Zinc
Copper
Water
DNA
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
DNA Cleavage
Thymine
zinc hematoporphyrin
Circular Dichroism
Carboxylic Acids
Ammonia
Amides
Thymidine
Chromophores
Ligands

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Mammana, A., Asakawa, T., Bitsch-Jensen, K., Wolfe, A., Chaturantabut, S., Otani, Y., ... Berova, N. (2008). Synthesis and characterization of water-soluble free-base, zinc and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide conjugates. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, 16(13), 6544-6551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2008.05.041
Mammana, Angela ; Asakawa, Tomohiro ; Bitsch-Jensen, Klaus ; Wolfe, Amanda ; Chaturantabut, Saireudee ; Otani, Yuko ; Li, Xiaoxu ; Li, Zengmin ; Nakanishi, Koji ; Balaz, Milan ; Ellestad, George A. ; Berova, Nina. / Synthesis and characterization of water-soluble free-base, zinc and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide conjugates. In: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry. 2008 ; Vol. 16, No. 13. pp. 6544-6551.
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abstract = "We describe the synthesis and characterization of a series of water-soluble free-base, zinc, and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide (ODN) conjugates. A non-charged tetraarylporphyrin was directly attached to the 5′-position of thymine via a short amide linker. Such a linker should allow for rigid connection to the adjacent nucleobases, thus increasing the sensitivity for monitoring conformational changes of the ODNs by electronic circular dichroism due to capping effects or ligand binding. Two complementary synthetic approaches have been used to incorporate porphyrin chromophores into the DNA. In the first approach a porphyrin carboxylic acid is conjugated to 5′-amino-ODN. In the second approach the phosphoramidite of the porphyrin-amido-thymidine is coupled to 5′-hydroxy-ODN using standard automated phosphoramidite chemistry. In both cases a spontaneous metallation of the free-base porphyrin in porphyrin-DNA conjugates was observed during the porphyrin-DNA conjugate cleavage from the solid support and its consequent deprotection using concentrated aqueous ammonia. Zinc and copper porphyrin-DNA conjugates were isolated by HPLC and characterized together with the anticipated free-base porphyrin-DNA conjugate. Authentic zinc and copper porphyrin-DNA conjugates were intentionally prepared from intentionally metallated porphyrins to compare their spectroscopic and HPLC characteristics with isolated metallospecies and to confirm the spontaneous metallation.",
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Mammana, A, Asakawa, T, Bitsch-Jensen, K, Wolfe, A, Chaturantabut, S, Otani, Y, Li, X, Li, Z, Nakanishi, K, Balaz, M, Ellestad, GA & Berova, N 2008, 'Synthesis and characterization of water-soluble free-base, zinc and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide conjugates', Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 16, no. 13, pp. 6544-6551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2008.05.041

Synthesis and characterization of water-soluble free-base, zinc and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide conjugates. / Mammana, Angela; Asakawa, Tomohiro; Bitsch-Jensen, Klaus; Wolfe, Amanda; Chaturantabut, Saireudee; Otani, Yuko; Li, Xiaoxu; Li, Zengmin; Nakanishi, Koji; Balaz, Milan; Ellestad, George A.; Berova, Nina.

In: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 16, No. 13, 01.07.2008, p. 6544-6551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Synthesis and characterization of water-soluble free-base, zinc and copper porphyrin-oligonucleotide conjugates

AU - Mammana, Angela

AU - Asakawa, Tomohiro

AU - Bitsch-Jensen, Klaus

AU - Wolfe, Amanda

AU - Chaturantabut, Saireudee

AU - Otani, Yuko

AU - Li, Xiaoxu

AU - Li, Zengmin

AU - Nakanishi, Koji

AU - Balaz, Milan

AU - Ellestad, George A.

AU - Berova, Nina

PY - 2008/7/1

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