Synthesis and Desulfurization of 2,5-Dihydrothiophene Transition-Metal Complexes: Models for the Hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of Thiophene

Moon Gun Choi, Robert J. Angelici, Lee M. Daniels

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several S-coordinated 2,5-dihydrothiophene (2,5-DHT) transition-metal complexes were synthesized in order to determine whether or not this type of coordination promotes butadiene elimination from the 2,5-DHT ligand, a step proposed in a mechanism for the hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of thiophene. Thermal decomposition of W(CO)5(2,5-DHT) and Re2(CO)9(2,5-DHT) at 110 [formula omited] °C liberates butadiene and free 2,5-DHT (relative ratio 1:4). Uncoordinated 2,5-DHT itself does not decompose at 120 °C after 3 days. Thus, S-coordination of 2,5-DHT to these metal centers does promote the liberation of butadiene. Upon being heated at 180 °C, MCl2(2,5-DHT)2 (M = Pd, Pt) gives off mainly thiophene and free 2,5-DHT (1:1) with only a small amount of butadiene. Thus, depending on the complex either butadiene or thiophene may be evolved. The reaction of Ru3(CO)12 with 2,5-DHT forms the trinuclear (μ2-H)Ru3(CO)93-1-4-η4-DHT), whose X-ray structure determination shows that the sulfur and olefin of the 2,5-DHT coordinate to two different ruthenium atoms but also C-H cleavage occurs at C(2) forming a C-Ru bond. The structure of an S-coordinated DHT complex [Cp(PMe3)2Ru(2,5-DHT)](PF6) is also reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3647-3651
Number of pages5
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume30
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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