Synthesis, computational modelling and liquid crystalline properties of some [3]ferrocenophane-containing Schiff's bases and β-aminovinylketone: Molecular geometry-phase behaviour relationship

Oleg N. Kadkin, Haksoo Han, Yuri G. Galyametdinov

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Abstract

Rotationally fixed [3]ferrocenophane extends the variety of possible molecular geometries in its derivatives in comparison with unbridged ferrocenes. In this respect molecular geometry-liquid crystalline properties relationship studies in [3]ferrocenophane mesogens are of considerable interest. Different positional isomers of mono- and di-substituted [3]ferrocenophanes which are obtained by incorporating one or two promesogenic building blocks into the cyclopentadienyl rings are reported in this article. A series of mono-substituted [3]ferrocenophane-containing Schiff's bases was synthesized by condensing isomeric p-aminophenyl [3]ferrocenophanes with appropriate aldehydes. Isomers of di-substituted [3]ferrocenophane amines gave rise to a series of azomethines with two promesogenic substituents in the cyclopentadienyl rings. Besides, a β-enaminoketone was prepared from 3-(p-aminophenyl)[3]ferrocenophane. Nematic and smectic mesophases were observed in the synthesized compounds under a polarizing optical microscope. The [3]ferrocenophane-containing β-enaminoketone showed complex mesomorphic behaviour connected with occurrence of the keto-enamine and imino-enol tautomeric equilibrium in this compound. On the base of computational models obtained by semi-empirical quantum chemistry calculations the molecular geometry-phase behaviour relationships were examined. It was demonstrated that mesomorphism of [3]ferocenophane azomethines depends on the spatial orientation of the substituents with respect to the propanediyl bridge in a case of mono-, and as well as to each other in a case of di-substituted derivatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5571-5582
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume692
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1

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Schiff Bases
Phase behavior
Aldehydes
imines
Amines
Crystalline materials
Isomers
Geometry
Liquids
synthesis
isomers
liquids
geometry
ferrocenes
Derivatives
Quantum chemistry
condensing
rings
quantum chemistry
optical microscopes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Synthesis, computational modelling and liquid crystalline properties of some [3]ferrocenophane-containing Schiff's bases and β-aminovinylketone: Molecular geometry-phase behaviour relationship",
abstract = "Rotationally fixed [3]ferrocenophane extends the variety of possible molecular geometries in its derivatives in comparison with unbridged ferrocenes. In this respect molecular geometry-liquid crystalline properties relationship studies in [3]ferrocenophane mesogens are of considerable interest. Different positional isomers of mono- and di-substituted [3]ferrocenophanes which are obtained by incorporating one or two promesogenic building blocks into the cyclopentadienyl rings are reported in this article. A series of mono-substituted [3]ferrocenophane-containing Schiff's bases was synthesized by condensing isomeric p-aminophenyl [3]ferrocenophanes with appropriate aldehydes. Isomers of di-substituted [3]ferrocenophane amines gave rise to a series of azomethines with two promesogenic substituents in the cyclopentadienyl rings. Besides, a β-enaminoketone was prepared from 3-(p-aminophenyl)[3]ferrocenophane. Nematic and smectic mesophases were observed in the synthesized compounds under a polarizing optical microscope. The [3]ferrocenophane-containing β-enaminoketone showed complex mesomorphic behaviour connected with occurrence of the keto-enamine and imino-enol tautomeric equilibrium in this compound. On the base of computational models obtained by semi-empirical quantum chemistry calculations the molecular geometry-phase behaviour relationships were examined. It was demonstrated that mesomorphism of [3]ferocenophane azomethines depends on the spatial orientation of the substituents with respect to the propanediyl bridge in a case of mono-, and as well as to each other in a case of di-substituted derivatives.",
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T1 - Synthesis, computational modelling and liquid crystalline properties of some [3]ferrocenophane-containing Schiff's bases and β-aminovinylketone

T2 - Molecular geometry-phase behaviour relationship

AU - Kadkin, Oleg N.

AU - Han, Haksoo

AU - Galyametdinov, Yuri G.

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N2 - Rotationally fixed [3]ferrocenophane extends the variety of possible molecular geometries in its derivatives in comparison with unbridged ferrocenes. In this respect molecular geometry-liquid crystalline properties relationship studies in [3]ferrocenophane mesogens are of considerable interest. Different positional isomers of mono- and di-substituted [3]ferrocenophanes which are obtained by incorporating one or two promesogenic building blocks into the cyclopentadienyl rings are reported in this article. A series of mono-substituted [3]ferrocenophane-containing Schiff's bases was synthesized by condensing isomeric p-aminophenyl [3]ferrocenophanes with appropriate aldehydes. Isomers of di-substituted [3]ferrocenophane amines gave rise to a series of azomethines with two promesogenic substituents in the cyclopentadienyl rings. Besides, a β-enaminoketone was prepared from 3-(p-aminophenyl)[3]ferrocenophane. Nematic and smectic mesophases were observed in the synthesized compounds under a polarizing optical microscope. The [3]ferrocenophane-containing β-enaminoketone showed complex mesomorphic behaviour connected with occurrence of the keto-enamine and imino-enol tautomeric equilibrium in this compound. On the base of computational models obtained by semi-empirical quantum chemistry calculations the molecular geometry-phase behaviour relationships were examined. It was demonstrated that mesomorphism of [3]ferocenophane azomethines depends on the spatial orientation of the substituents with respect to the propanediyl bridge in a case of mono-, and as well as to each other in a case of di-substituted derivatives.

AB - Rotationally fixed [3]ferrocenophane extends the variety of possible molecular geometries in its derivatives in comparison with unbridged ferrocenes. In this respect molecular geometry-liquid crystalline properties relationship studies in [3]ferrocenophane mesogens are of considerable interest. Different positional isomers of mono- and di-substituted [3]ferrocenophanes which are obtained by incorporating one or two promesogenic building blocks into the cyclopentadienyl rings are reported in this article. A series of mono-substituted [3]ferrocenophane-containing Schiff's bases was synthesized by condensing isomeric p-aminophenyl [3]ferrocenophanes with appropriate aldehydes. Isomers of di-substituted [3]ferrocenophane amines gave rise to a series of azomethines with two promesogenic substituents in the cyclopentadienyl rings. Besides, a β-enaminoketone was prepared from 3-(p-aminophenyl)[3]ferrocenophane. Nematic and smectic mesophases were observed in the synthesized compounds under a polarizing optical microscope. The [3]ferrocenophane-containing β-enaminoketone showed complex mesomorphic behaviour connected with occurrence of the keto-enamine and imino-enol tautomeric equilibrium in this compound. On the base of computational models obtained by semi-empirical quantum chemistry calculations the molecular geometry-phase behaviour relationships were examined. It was demonstrated that mesomorphism of [3]ferocenophane azomethines depends on the spatial orientation of the substituents with respect to the propanediyl bridge in a case of mono-, and as well as to each other in a case of di-substituted derivatives.

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