Synthesis of a highly Zn 2+-selective cyanine-based probe and its use for tracing endogenous zinc ions in cells and organisms

Zhiqian Guo, Gun Hee Kim, Juyoung Yoon, Injae Shin

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The zinc ion has a key role in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. As a consequence, the development of sensitive and reliable methods to monitor the presence of zinc ions in cells and organisms is of great importance to biological research and biomedical applications. This protocol describes detailed procedures for the five-stage synthesis of a zinc ion-selective, cyanine-based fluorescent probe, CTMPA, from 2,6- bis(hydroxymethyl)pyridine. In addition, we describe its applications in the detection of Zn 2+ released during apoptosis in cells and endogenous Zn 2+ in living zebrafish. Notably, the use of CTMPA enabled our research group to monitor for the first time the presence of zinc ions in neuromasts of zebrafish via fluorescence. The approximate time frame for the synthesis of CTMPA is 4-5 d, and for its use in bioimaging is 8-10 h for cells and 2 h for zebrafish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1245-1254
Number of pages10
JournalNature Protocols
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
acknowleDGMents This work was supported by the National Creative Research Initiative program (grant no. 2010-0018272 to I.S. and 2012R1A3A2048814 to J.Y.). Z.G. acknowledges National 973 Program (2013CB733700), National Natural Science Foundation of China (61177034) and Shanghai Pujiang Program (13PJD010).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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