Synthesis of a ZnS shell on the ZnO nanowire and its effect on the nanowire-based dye-sensitized solar cells

Jooyoung Chung, Jihyun Myoung, Jisook Oh, Sangwoo Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A thin ZnS shell was formed on ZnO nanowires using ZnSO4 and thiourea in an NH4OH (ZTA) precursor solution, and its effect on the performance of a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was investigated. As compared to hydrothermal and successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction methods, it was observed that the ZnS shell was effectively synthesized on the ZnO nanowires using the ZTA solution. ZnO nanowires with a ZnS shell had lower absorption intensities over the entire wavelength range compared with those of nanowires without the ZnS shell, which can cause dye to absorb more light in the DSSC operation. Because the intensity of visible emission decreased after the formation of a ZnS shell on the ZnO nanowires, it is proposed that surface defects that provide recombination sites will be reduced at the anode/electrolyte interface. The cell performance of the ZnO nanowire-based DSSC was greatly improved by the deposition of a thin ZnS shell onto the ZnO nanowires in the ZTA solution, which resulted from the reduced visible absorption of the semiconductor and defect sites on the semiconductor surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21360-21365
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume114
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 16

Fingerprint

Nanowires
nanowires
solar cells
dyes
Thiourea
synthesis
Thioureas
thioureas
Semiconductor materials
Surface defects
surface defects
Dye-sensitized solar cells
Electrolytes
Anodes
anodes
Coloring Agents
Dyes
electrolytes
Adsorption
Wavelength

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "A thin ZnS shell was formed on ZnO nanowires using ZnSO4 and thiourea in an NH4OH (ZTA) precursor solution, and its effect on the performance of a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was investigated. As compared to hydrothermal and successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction methods, it was observed that the ZnS shell was effectively synthesized on the ZnO nanowires using the ZTA solution. ZnO nanowires with a ZnS shell had lower absorption intensities over the entire wavelength range compared with those of nanowires without the ZnS shell, which can cause dye to absorb more light in the DSSC operation. Because the intensity of visible emission decreased after the formation of a ZnS shell on the ZnO nanowires, it is proposed that surface defects that provide recombination sites will be reduced at the anode/electrolyte interface. The cell performance of the ZnO nanowire-based DSSC was greatly improved by the deposition of a thin ZnS shell onto the ZnO nanowires in the ZTA solution, which resulted from the reduced visible absorption of the semiconductor and defect sites on the semiconductor surface.",
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Synthesis of a ZnS shell on the ZnO nanowire and its effect on the nanowire-based dye-sensitized solar cells. / Chung, Jooyoung; Myoung, Jihyun; Oh, Jisook; Lim, Sangwoo.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, No. 49, 16.12.2010, p. 21360-21365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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