Synthesis of CeO2/Pd nanocomposites by pulsed laser ablation in liquids for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol

Rory Ma, Yu jin Kim, D. Amaranatha Reddy, Tae Kyu Kim

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CeO2/Pd nanocomposites with high catalytic activity were synthesized by pulsed laser ablation in liquids. The size distribution, morphology, crystallinity, and optical properties of these nanostructures were determined by careful characterization using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV−visible spectroscopy, and photoluminescence. The CeO2/Pd composites consisted of two-dimensional (2D) CeO2 nanoplates with an average size of approximately 20 nm and spherically shaped Pd nanostructures with diameters of 9 nm. The synthesized composite showed a dual-band absorption spectrum with absorption maxima at 266 and 343 nm. The absorption band at 266 nm was assigned to typical inter-band transitions of a metallic Pd system. The other absorption peak, located at 343 nm, was the characteristic band of CeO2. The photoluminescence spectra showed more significant quenching of the blue emission from the CeO2/Pd composite compared with that of CeO2. The CeO2/Pd composite showed much higher catalytic activity than bare CeO2 nanostructures toward the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol. The significant enhancement of the catalytic activity could be ascribed to the interaction between the CeO2 and Pd nanostructures. The unique structure, high catalytic performance, and durability make these materials highly promising candidates for diverse applications in the area of catalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12432-12438
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grants funded by the Korean government (MEST and MSIP) (2013S1A2A2035406, 2013R1A1A2009575 and 2014R1A4A1001690).

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grants funded by the Korean government (MEST and MSIP) ( 2013S1A2A2035406 , 2013R1A1A2009575 and 2014R1A4A1001690 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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