Lithium based metal oxides (Li-M-O) are used in nuclear fusion reactors, molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFCs), and lithium-ion secondary batteries. These materials, which exhibit good chemical and thermal stability, excellent tritium release, and stability under long-term neutron-irradiated conditions, are considered possible candidates for nuclear fusion blanket materials. In this study, we focus on the hydrothermal synthesis of LiAl2xO2 with other transition metals to prepare LiMn0.5-xNi0.5-xAl2xO2 powder for application as a tritium generator. The d-values of the hydrothermally synthesized powders increased with increasing aluminum content. The increased values are associated with the increasing vacancy concentration resulting from the disordering of the cations in LiAl2xO2 with other transition metal structures. Electrochemical analysis revealed that the aluminum content affected the stability retention during Li+ intercalation and deintercalation, which results in improved tritium generation and release for tritium breeders in nuclear fusion blanket materials.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National R & D Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2015M1A7A 1A02002288).
© 2016 by American Scientific Publishers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)