Synthesis of mesoporous MgO catalyst templated by a PDMS-PEO comb-like copolymer for biodiesel production

Harim Jeon, Dong Jun Kim, Sang Jin Kim, Jong Hak Kim

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Abstract

Mesoporous MgO catalyst was synthesized from Mg(NO3)2 via a sol-gel process by templating an amphiphilic comb-like copolymer, poly(dimethylsiloxane-ethylene oxide) (PDMS-PEO). The copolymer morphology was worm-like and microphase-separated in a good solvent but micellar in a selective solvent, such as toluene and water. By templating micelles of PDMS-PEO copolymer, mesoporous MgO with a high surface area was generated after calcination at 500 C, as confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption/desorption measurements. Mesoporous MgO was used as a heterogeneous solid catalyst to produce biodiesel from canola oil. PDMS-PEO templated MgO (t-MgO) converted biodiesel more efficiently (~ 98.2% methyl ester content) than non-templated MgO (nt-MgO, 82.8%). The number and strength of basic sites of MgO catalyst were also investigated using CO 2-temperature-programmed desorption (CO2-TPD) analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 3

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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