Mesoporous MgO catalyst was synthesized from Mg(NO3)2 via a sol-gel process by templating an amphiphilic comb-like copolymer, poly(dimethylsiloxane-ethylene oxide) (PDMS-PEO). The copolymer morphology was worm-like and microphase-separated in a good solvent but micellar in a selective solvent, such as toluene and water. By templating micelles of PDMS-PEO copolymer, mesoporous MgO with a high surface area was generated after calcination at 500 C, as confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption/desorption measurements. Mesoporous MgO was used as a heterogeneous solid catalyst to produce biodiesel from canola oil. PDMS-PEO templated MgO (t-MgO) converted biodiesel more efficiently (~ 98.2% methyl ester content) than non-templated MgO (nt-MgO, 82.8%). The number and strength of basic sites of MgO catalyst were also investigated using CO 2-temperature-programmed desorption (CO2-TPD) analysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology