Luminescent yttrium aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) nanoparticles doped with Eu (YAG:Eu3+) were continuously synthesized by directly feeding potassium hydroxide solution and metal salt solution to supercritical water (SCW). Effects of Eu concentration, pH, and residence time on photo-luminescence were studied using a continuous tubular reactor. Residence time played a key role in producing single-phase YAG:Eu3+ nanoparticles. The residence time of 20 s under SCW conditions (400 °C and 280 bar) was enough to form YAG:Eu3+ phosphor without any intermediate phases. At this residence time, the Eu concentration and pH condition under SCW contributed to improving the size, morphology and luminescent property of YAG: Eu3+ nanoparticles. The average size of the prepared phosphor nanoparticles at 10 at.% and pH of 9.10 was 74 nm and the morphology was identified as nearly uniform and spherical-like in shape. Without further thermal treatment, the phosphor YAG:Eu3+ synthesized in the continuous reactor under SCW conditions showed strong luminescence properties and red emission spectra.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This subject is supported by Ministry of Environment as “The Eco-technopia 21 project” and the authors would like to thank the Ministry of Environment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry