In the recent years, synthesis of nanomaterials using seaweeds and their diverse applications is escalating research in modern era. Among the noble metals, platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) are of great importance owing to their catalytic property and less toxicity. The significance of this work is a simple one-step synthesis of PtNPs using aqueous extract of Indian brown seaweed Padina gymnospora and their catalytic activity with a polymer Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as PVP/PtNPs nanocomposite towards antimicrobial, haemolytic, cytotoxic (Artemia salina) and antioxidant properties. Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrum results showed diversified functional groups (biomoeities such as carbohydrates and proteins) present in the seaweed extract is responsible for the reduction of platinum ions (Pt+) to PtNPs. The seaweed mediated PtNPs was characterized by UV–vis spectrophotometer, X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) analysis. The synthesized PtNPs was found to be truncated octahedral in shape with the range of 5–50 nm. Crystalline nature of the nanoparticles was evidenced by Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED) pattern with bright circular spots corresponding to (111), (200), (220) and (311) Bragg's reflection planes. The size of the PtNPs was further evidenced by Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) analysis and it is originate to be stable at −22.5 mV through Zeta Potential (ZP) analysis. The present study shows that the catalytic behavior of PtNPs as polymer/metal nanocomposite (PVP/PtNPs) preparation for an antibacterial activity against seven disease causing pathogenic bacterial strains with the maximum activity against Escherichia coli (15.6 mm) followed by Lactococcus lactis (14.8 mm) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (14.4 mm). But no haemolytic activity was seen at their effective bactericidal concentration, whereas increase in the haeomyltic activity was seen only in higher concentrations (600, 900 and 1200 μg mL−1). On the other hand, PVP/PtNPs nanocomposite has shown cytotoxic activity at 100 ± 4 μg mL−1 (LC50) against Artemia salina nauplii. Furthermore, PVP/PtNPs nanocomposite showed an enhanced scavenging activity against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide, nitric oxide and hydroxyl radicals.
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