Polythiophene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PTh/PEDOT) nanocomposites with luminescent characteristics and high thermoelectric (TE) performance were successfully synthesized by two-step oxidative polymerization in aqueous medium. First, PTh nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by use of FeCl 3/H2O2 as catalyst/oxidant system with poly(4-styrene sulfonic acid) (PSSA) as surfactant. PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites were then synthesized by in situ oxidative polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) on the surface of PTh NPs. The composition of the nanocomposites was controlled by varying the concentration of EDOT. Electron microscopy imaging and dynamic light scattering experiments confirmed the nanocomposites had a PTh core and a PEDOT shell/matrix. Finally, the TE performance of the PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites was investigated. The electrical conductivity and power factor of the nanocomposites were found to increase from 0.0001 S/cm to 475 S/cm and from 0.001 μW/mK2 to 22.9 μW/mK2, respectively, at the optimum PEDOT concentration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry