Synthesis of polythiophene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanocomposites and their application in thermoelectric devices

Seung Hwan Lee, Yong Seok Kim, Jung-Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polythiophene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PTh/PEDOT) nanocomposites with luminescent characteristics and high thermoelectric (TE) performance were successfully synthesized by two-step oxidative polymerization in aqueous medium. First, PTh nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by use of FeCl 3/H2O2 as catalyst/oxidant system with poly(4-styrene sulfonic acid) (PSSA) as surfactant. PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites were then synthesized by in situ oxidative polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) on the surface of PTh NPs. The composition of the nanocomposites was controlled by varying the concentration of EDOT. Electron microscopy imaging and dynamic light scattering experiments confirmed the nanocomposites had a PTh core and a PEDOT shell/matrix. Finally, the TE performance of the PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites was investigated. The electrical conductivity and power factor of the nanocomposites were found to increase from 0.0001 S/cm to 475 S/cm and from 0.001 μW/mK2 to 22.9 μW/mK2, respectively, at the optimum PEDOT concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3276-3282
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
Polymers
synthesis
polymerization
Polymerization
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Styrene
Sulfonic Acids
sulfonic acid
Dynamic light scattering
Oxidants
styrenes
Surface-Active Agents
Electron microscopy
polythiophene
poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)
electron microscopy
Surface active agents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{16018c7af8534e45a80daf420ab99f58,
title = "Synthesis of polythiophene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanocomposites and their application in thermoelectric devices",
abstract = "Polythiophene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PTh/PEDOT) nanocomposites with luminescent characteristics and high thermoelectric (TE) performance were successfully synthesized by two-step oxidative polymerization in aqueous medium. First, PTh nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by use of FeCl 3/H2O2 as catalyst/oxidant system with poly(4-styrene sulfonic acid) (PSSA) as surfactant. PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites were then synthesized by in situ oxidative polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) on the surface of PTh NPs. The composition of the nanocomposites was controlled by varying the concentration of EDOT. Electron microscopy imaging and dynamic light scattering experiments confirmed the nanocomposites had a PTh core and a PEDOT shell/matrix. Finally, the TE performance of the PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites was investigated. The electrical conductivity and power factor of the nanocomposites were found to increase from 0.0001 S/cm to 475 S/cm and from 0.001 μW/mK2 to 22.9 μW/mK2, respectively, at the optimum PEDOT concentration.",
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Synthesis of polythiophene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanocomposites and their application in thermoelectric devices. / Lee, Seung Hwan; Kim, Yong Seok; Kim, Jung-Hyun.

In: Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 43, No. 9, 01.01.2014, p. 3276-3282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Polythiophene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PTh/PEDOT) nanocomposites with luminescent characteristics and high thermoelectric (TE) performance were successfully synthesized by two-step oxidative polymerization in aqueous medium. First, PTh nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by use of FeCl 3/H2O2 as catalyst/oxidant system with poly(4-styrene sulfonic acid) (PSSA) as surfactant. PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites were then synthesized by in situ oxidative polymerization of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) on the surface of PTh NPs. The composition of the nanocomposites was controlled by varying the concentration of EDOT. Electron microscopy imaging and dynamic light scattering experiments confirmed the nanocomposites had a PTh core and a PEDOT shell/matrix. Finally, the TE performance of the PTh/PEDOT nanocomposites was investigated. The electrical conductivity and power factor of the nanocomposites were found to increase from 0.0001 S/cm to 475 S/cm and from 0.001 μW/mK2 to 22.9 μW/mK2, respectively, at the optimum PEDOT concentration.

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