Synthesis of porous carbon derived from poly(vinylidenefluoride) and its adsorption characteristics for CO2 and CH4

Hye Young Park, Chan Hyun Lee, Dong Woo Cho, Chang Ha Lee, Jong Ho Park

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9 Citations (Scopus)


The preparation of carbon adsorbents through carbonization of polymer precursors is drawing attention in that it can form uniform size of micropores. In this study, several carbon adsorbents were prepared by carbonization of poly (vinylidenefluoride) (PVDF) at between 500 and 900 °C under Ar or CO2 carrier flow. The prepared samples exhibited pore size distribution between 0.6 and 1.3 nm, and the pore structure was formed differently according to the carbonization conditions. Especially, the CO2 caused further activation during polymer carbonization, leading to better development of the microporous structure. The formed micropores were found to be uniformly distributed on the adsorbent surface from TEM image, and their structure could be characterized by XPS analysis. The volumetric adsorption measurements revealed that the porous carbon adsorbents had good CO2 and CH4 adsorption performances. Moreover, the measured adsorption capacities were highly dependent on the narrow micropore (<0.8 nm) volume. Based on these results, additional porous carbon adsorbents could be prepared to increase narrow micropore volume by varying the sample amount and temperature increasing/decreasing rates. As a results, one of the prepared porous carbon adsorbents showed remarkable adsorption capacity at 25 °C; 5.02 mmol/g for CO2 and 2.35 mmol/g for CH4.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110121
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was conducted under the framework of the Research and Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) ( C0-2406 ). This work was also supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea (No. 20172010106280 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials


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