Spherical silver nanoparticles with various sizes and standard deviations were synthesized by the polyol process. Two different synthesis methods were compared in order to investigate the influence of reaction parameters on the resulting particle size and its distribution. In the precursor heating method, wherein a solution containing silver nitrate was heated to the reaction temperature, the ramping rate was determined to be a critical parameter affecting the particle size. In contrast, in the precursor injection method, in which a silver nitrate aqueous solution was injected into hot ethylene glycol, because of rapid nucleation, the injection rate and the reaction temperature were important factors in terms of reducing the particle size and attaining monodispersity. Silver nanoparticles with a size of 17 2nm were obtained at an injection rate of 2.5mls-1 and a reaction temperature of 100 °C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering