It is imperative to suppress the rate of recombination of photogenerated carriers to improve the semiconductor-catalyzed solar-driven production of hydrogen. To this end, photocatalysts comprising active sunlight-harvesting photo-absorbers and stable metal co-catalysts have attracted significant attention. However, the size, clean surface, and highly dispersed nature of the metal co-catalysts are crucial factors affecting catalyst performance and reaction rate. Nevertheless, most of the available metal nanocrystals have been synthesized by complex procedures using harmful organic templates and stabilizers, affording high-purity compounds with difficulty and high cost. To overcome these problems, in this study, the pulsed laser ablation in liquid approach was utilized to generate palladium and bimetallic palladium–platinum nanoparticles with an average size and distribution by adjusting the laser wavelength and fluence. A high rate of evolution of hydrogen of 130.33 mmol g−1 h−1 was obtained by using the optimized CdS-PdPt catalyst under simulated sunlight irradiation. This value is 51.31 times greater than that observed for bare CdS nanostructures. Furthermore, the amount of hydrogen evolved was significantly better than that obtained by using several other noble-metal co-catalysts deposited on CdS. This proposed strategy is thought to open new avenues for the design of advanced photocatalytic materials for efficient solar-driven production of hydrogen.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (MSIP; grant nos. 2014R1A4A1001690 and 2016R1E1A1A01941978).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry