Synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and structural distortion under high pressure of a new osmate, Sr2CuOsO6

Michael W. Lufaso, William R. Gemmill, Samuel J. Mugavero, Seung Joo Kim, Yongjae Lee, Thomas Vogt, Hans Conrad zur Loye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A new osmate Sr2CuOsO6 was synthesized and its structure refined using powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The results of the Reitveld refinements indicate complete B-cation order in a double perovskite crystal structure. Furthermore, the analysis of the B-cation bond lengths indicates a symmetric coordination around Os, as opposed to a significant distortion of Cu-O bond lengths. The octahedral distortion around Cu(II) is characteristic of a Jahn-Teller distortion. Within the crystal structure of Sr2CuOsO6, the long Cu-O bonds are aligned in the same direction along the c-axis in the tetragonal unit cell. This parallel arrangement of long Cu-O bonds produces a lattice parameter ratio, c/(21/2a), that is greater than unity. The magnetic susceptibility of Sr2CuOsO6 was measured using a SQUID magnetometer and was observed to be consistent with an assignment of Cu(II)-Os(VI) formal oxidation states, thus confirming the bond valences calculated on the basis of the crystal structure. In perovskites, octahedral tilting and bond shortening are two competing compression mechanisms. Compression mechanisms of this double perovskite were characterized using high-pressure synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Application of hydrostatic pressure up to 6 GPa significantly decreased the lattice parameter ratio, demonstrating the primary compression mechanism is a shortening of the long Cu-O bond.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-627
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume181
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1

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Magnetic properties
Crystal structure
Bond length
magnetic properties
Synchrotrons
Perovskite
crystal structure
Lattice constants
Cations
lattice parameters
synchrotrons
synthesis
Positive ions
cations
Jahn-Teller effect
X ray diffraction
SQUIDs
Magnetometers
Hydrostatic pressure
perovskites

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Lufaso, Michael W. ; Gemmill, William R. ; Mugavero, Samuel J. ; Kim, Seung Joo ; Lee, Yongjae ; Vogt, Thomas ; zur Loye, Hans Conrad. / Synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and structural distortion under high pressure of a new osmate, Sr2CuOsO6 In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 2008 ; Vol. 181, No. 3. pp. 623-627.
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Synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and structural distortion under high pressure of a new osmate, Sr2CuOsO6 . / Lufaso, Michael W.; Gemmill, William R.; Mugavero, Samuel J.; Kim, Seung Joo; Lee, Yongjae; Vogt, Thomas; zur Loye, Hans Conrad.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 181, No. 3, 01.03.2008, p. 623-627.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and structural distortion under high pressure of a new osmate, Sr2CuOsO6

AU - Lufaso, Michael W.

AU - Gemmill, William R.

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N2 - A new osmate Sr2CuOsO6 was synthesized and its structure refined using powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The results of the Reitveld refinements indicate complete B-cation order in a double perovskite crystal structure. Furthermore, the analysis of the B-cation bond lengths indicates a symmetric coordination around Os, as opposed to a significant distortion of Cu-O bond lengths. The octahedral distortion around Cu(II) is characteristic of a Jahn-Teller distortion. Within the crystal structure of Sr2CuOsO6, the long Cu-O bonds are aligned in the same direction along the c-axis in the tetragonal unit cell. This parallel arrangement of long Cu-O bonds produces a lattice parameter ratio, c/(21/2a), that is greater than unity. The magnetic susceptibility of Sr2CuOsO6 was measured using a SQUID magnetometer and was observed to be consistent with an assignment of Cu(II)-Os(VI) formal oxidation states, thus confirming the bond valences calculated on the basis of the crystal structure. In perovskites, octahedral tilting and bond shortening are two competing compression mechanisms. Compression mechanisms of this double perovskite were characterized using high-pressure synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Application of hydrostatic pressure up to 6 GPa significantly decreased the lattice parameter ratio, demonstrating the primary compression mechanism is a shortening of the long Cu-O bond.

AB - A new osmate Sr2CuOsO6 was synthesized and its structure refined using powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The results of the Reitveld refinements indicate complete B-cation order in a double perovskite crystal structure. Furthermore, the analysis of the B-cation bond lengths indicates a symmetric coordination around Os, as opposed to a significant distortion of Cu-O bond lengths. The octahedral distortion around Cu(II) is characteristic of a Jahn-Teller distortion. Within the crystal structure of Sr2CuOsO6, the long Cu-O bonds are aligned in the same direction along the c-axis in the tetragonal unit cell. This parallel arrangement of long Cu-O bonds produces a lattice parameter ratio, c/(21/2a), that is greater than unity. The magnetic susceptibility of Sr2CuOsO6 was measured using a SQUID magnetometer and was observed to be consistent with an assignment of Cu(II)-Os(VI) formal oxidation states, thus confirming the bond valences calculated on the basis of the crystal structure. In perovskites, octahedral tilting and bond shortening are two competing compression mechanisms. Compression mechanisms of this double perovskite were characterized using high-pressure synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Application of hydrostatic pressure up to 6 GPa significantly decreased the lattice parameter ratio, demonstrating the primary compression mechanism is a shortening of the long Cu-O bond.

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