To overcome low conversion efficiency of thin film solar cells, using the localized surface plasmon effect caused by the interaction between the incident beam and metallic nanoparticles inserted in or on the absorbing layer can be a promising alternative to overcome the low efficiency problem. Detail shape and size of nanoparticles are directly related with the localized surface plasmon effect as well as optical properties; however, their detail shape and size are hard to be determined depending only on the theoretical or experimental approach. Therefore, the method focusing on defining structural boundaries would be a useful method for nano or microscale design to generate simple and clear shape. In this study, we adopted the structural optimization scheme based on the phase field method to determine the optimal shape of a silver (Ag) nanoparticle positioned on the upper surface of the absorbing layer. We carried out the design process for broadband wavelength to be taken into account and verified the plasmonic scattering effect enhancement in the absorbing layer by numerical simulations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)