Systematic studies of correlations between different order flow harmonics in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV

ALICE Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The correlations between event-by-event fluctuations of anisotropic flow harmonic amplitudes have been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The results are reported in terms of multiparticle correlation observables dubbed symmetric cumulants. These observables are robust against biases originating from nonflow effects. The centrality dependence of correlations between the higher order harmonics (the quadrangular v4 and pentagonal v5 flow) and the lower order harmonics (the elliptic v2 and triangular v3 flow) is presented. The transverse momentum dependences of correlations between v3 and v2 and between v4 and v2 are also reported. The results are compared to calculations from viscous hydrodynamics and a multiphase transport (AMPT) model calculations. The comparisons to viscous hydrodynamic models demonstrate that the different order harmonic correlations respond differently to the initial conditions and the temperature dependence of the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density (η/s). A small average value of η/s is favored independent of the specific choice of initial conditions in the models. The calculations with the AMPT initial conditions yield results closest to the measurements. Correlations among the magnitudes of v2, v3, and v4 show moderate pT dependence in midcentral collisions. This might be an indication of possible viscous corrections to the equilibrium distribution at hadronic freeze-out, which might help to understand the possible contribution of bulk viscosity in the hadronic phase of the system. Together with existing measurements of individual flow harmonics, the presented results provide further constraints on the initial conditions and the transport properties of the system produced in heavy-ion collisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024906
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 12

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harmonics
collisions
hydrodynamics
viscosity
transverse momentum
ionic collisions
indication
transport properties
entropy
shear
temperature dependence
detectors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{1d93e572532a42f9a5d2e67f8b322cc5,
title = "Systematic studies of correlations between different order flow harmonics in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV",
abstract = "The correlations between event-by-event fluctuations of anisotropic flow harmonic amplitudes have been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The results are reported in terms of multiparticle correlation observables dubbed symmetric cumulants. These observables are robust against biases originating from nonflow effects. The centrality dependence of correlations between the higher order harmonics (the quadrangular v4 and pentagonal v5 flow) and the lower order harmonics (the elliptic v2 and triangular v3 flow) is presented. The transverse momentum dependences of correlations between v3 and v2 and between v4 and v2 are also reported. The results are compared to calculations from viscous hydrodynamics and a multiphase transport (AMPT) model calculations. The comparisons to viscous hydrodynamic models demonstrate that the different order harmonic correlations respond differently to the initial conditions and the temperature dependence of the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density (η/s). A small average value of η/s is favored independent of the specific choice of initial conditions in the models. The calculations with the AMPT initial conditions yield results closest to the measurements. Correlations among the magnitudes of v2, v3, and v4 show moderate pT dependence in midcentral collisions. This might be an indication of possible viscous corrections to the equilibrium distribution at hadronic freeze-out, which might help to understand the possible contribution of bulk viscosity in the hadronic phase of the system. Together with existing measurements of individual flow harmonics, the presented results provide further constraints on the initial conditions and the transport properties of the system produced in heavy-ion collisions.",
author = "{ALICE Collaboration} and S. Acharya and J. Adam and D. Adamov{\'a} and J. Adolfsson and Aggarwal, {M. M.} and {Aglieri Rinella}, G. and M. Agnello and N. Agrawal and Z. Ahammed and N. Ahmad and Ahn, {S. U.} and S. Aiola and A. Akindinov and M. Al-Turany and Alam, {S. N.} and Alba, {J. L.B.} and Albuquerque, {D. S.D.} and D. Aleksandrov and B. Alessandro and {Alfaro Molina}, R. and A. Alici and A. Alkin and J. Alme and T. Alt and L. Altenkamper and I. Altsybeev and {Alves Garcia Prado}, C. and C. Andrei and D. Andreou and Andrews, {H. A.} and A. Andronic and V. Anguelov and C. Anson and T. Antičić and F. Antinori and P. Antonioli and R. Anwar and L. Aphecetche and H. Appelsh{\"a}user and S. Arcelli and R. Arnaldi and Arnold, {O. W.} and Arsene, {I. C.} and M. Arslandok and B. Audurier and A. Augustinus and R. Averbeck and Azmi, {M. D.} and A. Badal{\`a} and Youngjoon Kwon",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024906",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
journal = "Physical Review C",
issn = "2469-9985",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "2",

}

Systematic studies of correlations between different order flow harmonics in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV. / ALICE Collaboration.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 97, No. 2, 024906, 12.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Systematic studies of correlations between different order flow harmonics in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV

AU - ALICE Collaboration

AU - Acharya, S.

AU - Adam, J.

AU - Adamová, D.

AU - Adolfsson, J.

AU - Aggarwal, M. M.

AU - Aglieri Rinella, G.

AU - Agnello, M.

AU - Agrawal, N.

AU - Ahammed, Z.

AU - Ahmad, N.

AU - Ahn, S. U.

AU - Aiola, S.

AU - Akindinov, A.

AU - Al-Turany, M.

AU - Alam, S. N.

AU - Alba, J. L.B.

AU - Albuquerque, D. S.D.

AU - Aleksandrov, D.

AU - Alessandro, B.

AU - Alfaro Molina, R.

AU - Alici, A.

AU - Alkin, A.

AU - Alme, J.

AU - Alt, T.

AU - Altenkamper, L.

AU - Altsybeev, I.

AU - Alves Garcia Prado, C.

AU - Andrei, C.

AU - Andreou, D.

AU - Andrews, H. A.

AU - Andronic, A.

AU - Anguelov, V.

AU - Anson, C.

AU - Antičić, T.

AU - Antinori, F.

AU - Antonioli, P.

AU - Anwar, R.

AU - Aphecetche, L.

AU - Appelshäuser, H.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Arnaldi, R.

AU - Arnold, O. W.

AU - Arsene, I. C.

AU - Arslandok, M.

AU - Audurier, B.

AU - Augustinus, A.

AU - Averbeck, R.

AU - Azmi, M. D.

AU - Badalà, A.

AU - Kwon, Youngjoon

PY - 2018/2/12

Y1 - 2018/2/12

N2 - The correlations between event-by-event fluctuations of anisotropic flow harmonic amplitudes have been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The results are reported in terms of multiparticle correlation observables dubbed symmetric cumulants. These observables are robust against biases originating from nonflow effects. The centrality dependence of correlations between the higher order harmonics (the quadrangular v4 and pentagonal v5 flow) and the lower order harmonics (the elliptic v2 and triangular v3 flow) is presented. The transverse momentum dependences of correlations between v3 and v2 and between v4 and v2 are also reported. The results are compared to calculations from viscous hydrodynamics and a multiphase transport (AMPT) model calculations. The comparisons to viscous hydrodynamic models demonstrate that the different order harmonic correlations respond differently to the initial conditions and the temperature dependence of the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density (η/s). A small average value of η/s is favored independent of the specific choice of initial conditions in the models. The calculations with the AMPT initial conditions yield results closest to the measurements. Correlations among the magnitudes of v2, v3, and v4 show moderate pT dependence in midcentral collisions. This might be an indication of possible viscous corrections to the equilibrium distribution at hadronic freeze-out, which might help to understand the possible contribution of bulk viscosity in the hadronic phase of the system. Together with existing measurements of individual flow harmonics, the presented results provide further constraints on the initial conditions and the transport properties of the system produced in heavy-ion collisions.

AB - The correlations between event-by-event fluctuations of anisotropic flow harmonic amplitudes have been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The results are reported in terms of multiparticle correlation observables dubbed symmetric cumulants. These observables are robust against biases originating from nonflow effects. The centrality dependence of correlations between the higher order harmonics (the quadrangular v4 and pentagonal v5 flow) and the lower order harmonics (the elliptic v2 and triangular v3 flow) is presented. The transverse momentum dependences of correlations between v3 and v2 and between v4 and v2 are also reported. The results are compared to calculations from viscous hydrodynamics and a multiphase transport (AMPT) model calculations. The comparisons to viscous hydrodynamic models demonstrate that the different order harmonic correlations respond differently to the initial conditions and the temperature dependence of the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density (η/s). A small average value of η/s is favored independent of the specific choice of initial conditions in the models. The calculations with the AMPT initial conditions yield results closest to the measurements. Correlations among the magnitudes of v2, v3, and v4 show moderate pT dependence in midcentral collisions. This might be an indication of possible viscous corrections to the equilibrium distribution at hadronic freeze-out, which might help to understand the possible contribution of bulk viscosity in the hadronic phase of the system. Together with existing measurements of individual flow harmonics, the presented results provide further constraints on the initial conditions and the transport properties of the system produced in heavy-ion collisions.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024906

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024906

M3 - Article

VL - 97

JO - Physical Review C

JF - Physical Review C

SN - 2469-9985

IS - 2

M1 - 024906

ER -