Polymeric binders that can undergo slurry fabrication and minimize the disruption of interfacial Li+ contact are imperative for sheet-type electrodes and solid electrolyte films in practical all-solid-state Li batteries (ASLBs). Although dry polymer electrolytes (DPEs) are a plausible alternative, their use is complicated by the severe reactivity of sulfide solid electrolytes and the need to dissolve Li salts. In this study, a new scalable fabrication protocol for a Li+-conductive DPE-type binder, nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR)-LiTFSI, is reported. The less-polar dibromomethane and more-polar hexyl butyrate in cosolvents work synergistically to dissolve NBR and LiTFSI, while preserving Li6PS5Cl0.5Br0.5. It is found that the dispersion of NBR can be controlled by the fraction of the antisolvent (hexyl butyrate), which in turn affects the corresponding performance of the ASLBs. Sheet-type LiNi0.70Co0.15Mn0.15O2 electrodes tailored using NBR-LiTFSI outperform those prepared using the conventional insulating binder (NBR) in terms of capacity (163 vs 147 mA h g−1) and initial Coulombic efficiency (78.9 vs 70.4%), which is attributed to the facilitated interfacial Li+ transport, as confirmed by 6Li nuclear magnetic resonance and electrochemical measurements. Moreover, NBR-LiTFSI is functional at 70 °C and in a graphite anode. Finally, the promising performance of pouch-type LiNi0.70Co0.15Mn0.15O2/graphite ASLBs is also demonstrated.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Hyundai Motors, by the Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Changes and by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF2017M1A2A2044501 and NRF-2018R1A2B6004996), and by the Materials and Components Technology Development Program of MOTIE/KEIT (10077709 and 20012216). The work was also funded by the Yonsei University Research Fund of 2020 (2020-22-0531). Yonsei University Research Funding added to acknowledgements on May 6, 2021.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)