We have developed RGD-attached gold (Au) half-shell nanoparticles containing methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), where MTX is the most widely used disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) for the treatment of RA, and RGD peptide is a targeting moiety for inflammation. Upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, heat is locally generated due to Au half-shells, and the drug release rate is enhanced, delivering heat and drug to the inflamed joints simultaneously. RA is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by synovial inflammation in multiple joints within the penetration depth of NIR light. When combined with NIR irradiation, these nanoparticles containing a much smaller dosage of MTX (1/930 of MTX solution) showed greater therapeutic effects than that of a conventional treatment with MTX solution in collagen-induced arthritic mice. This novel drug delivery system is a good way to maximize therapeutic efficacy and minimize dosage-related MTX side effects in the treatment of RA. Furthermore, these multifunctional nanoparticles could be applied to other DMARDs for RA or other inflammatory diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)