Anomalous ionospheric conditions can cause large variations in propagation delays of transionospheric radio waves, such as global navigation satellite system (GNSS) signals. Although very rare, extremely large spatial variations pose potential threats to ground-based augmentation system (GBAS) users. Because GBAS provide safety-of-life services, namely precision approach and landing aircraft guidance, system safety must be guaranteed under these unusual conditions. Position-domain geometry-screening algorithms have been previously developed to mitigate anomalous ionospheric threats. These algorithms prevent aircraft from using potentially unsafe GNSS geometries if anomalous ionospheric conditions are present. The simplest ground-based geometry-screening algorithm inflates the broadcast σvig parameter inGBASto signal whose geometries should not be used. However, the σvig parameter is not satellite-specific, and its inflation affects all satellites in view. Hence, it causes a higher than necessary availability penalty. A new targeted parameter inflation algorithm is proposed that minimizes the availability penalty by inflating the satellite-specific broadcast parameters: σprgnd and P values. In this new algorithm, σprgnd and P values are inflated by solving optimization problems. The broadcast parameters obtained from this algorithm provide significantly higher availability than optimal σvig inflation at Newark Liberty International Airport and Memphis International Airport without compromising system safety. It is also demonstrated that the computational burden of this algorithm is low enough for real-time GBAS operations.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Jiwon Seo and Sigrid Close acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation (AGS 1025262-002) and the Office of Naval Research (N00014-10-1-0450). Jiyun Lee was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea, funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (N01100512). The opinions discussed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Federal Aviation Administration or other affiliated agencies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering