Type II collagen is a major protein that maintains biological and mechanical characteristics in articular cartilage. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is known to play a central role in integrin signaling of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions, and chondrocyte-type II collagen interactions are very important for cartilage homeostasis. In this study, we focused on phosphorylation of FAK and MAP kinase in chondrocyte-type II collagen interaction and dedifferentiation, and the effects of FAK knockdown on chondrocyte-specific gene expression and cell proliferation were determined. The addition of exogenous type II collagen to chondrocytes increased levels of tyrosine phosphorylation, p-FAKY397, and p-ERK1/2. In contrast, expression levels of p-FAKY397 and p-ERK1/2, but not p-Smad2/3, were decreased in dedifferentiated chondrocytes with loss of type II collagen expression. Type II collagen expression was significantly increased when dedifferentiated chondrocytes were transferred to alginate beads with TGF-β1 or type II collagen, but transfected cells with small interfering RNA for FAK (FAK-siRNA) inhibited mRNA expression of type II collagen and SOX-6 compared to the control. These FAK-siRNA-transfected cells could not recover type II collagen even in the presence of TGF-β1 or type II collagen in alginate beads culture. We also found that FAK-siRNA-transfected cells decreased cell proliferation rate, but there was no effect on glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) secretion. We suggest that FAK is essentially required in chondrocyte communication with type II collagen by regulating type II collagen expression and cell proliferation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology