Targeting phospholipase D1 attenuates intestinal tumorigenesis by controlling β-catenin signaling in cancer-initiating cells

Dong W.oo Kang, Chi Y.eol Choi, Yong Hee Cho, Huasong Tian, Gilbert Di Paolo, Kang Yell Choi, Do S.ik Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Expression of the Wnt target gene phospholipase D1 (PLD1) is up-regulated in various carcinomas, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the mechanistic significance of its elevated expression in intestinal tumorigenesis remains unknown. In this study, we show that genetic and pharmacological targeting of PLD1 disrupts spontaneous and colitis-associated intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(Min/+) and azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate mice models. Intestinal epithelial cell-specific PLD1 overexpression in Apc(Min/+) mice accelerated tumorigenesis with increased proliferation and nuclear β-catenin levels compared with Apc(Min/+) mice. Moreover, PLD1 inactivation suppressed the self-renewal capacity of colon cancer-initiating cells (CC-ICs) by decreasing expression of β-catenin via E2F1-induced microRNA (miR)-4496 up-regulation. Ultimately, low expression of PLD1 coupled with a low level of CC-IC markers was predictive of a good prognosis in CRC patients, suggesting in vivo relevance. Collectively, our data reveal that PLD1 has a crucial role in intestinal tumorigenesis via its modulation of the E2F1-miR-4496-β-catenin signaling pathway. Modulation of PLD1 expression and activity represents a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of intestinal tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1237
Number of pages19
JournalThe Journal of experimental medicine
Volume212
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 27

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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