TaS3 Nanofibers: Layered Trichalcogenide for High-Performance Electronic and Sensing Devices

Carmen C. Mayorga-Martinez, Zdeněk Sofer, Jan Luxa, Štěpán Huber, David Sedmidubský, Petr Brázda, Lukáš Palatinus, Martin Mikulics, Petr Lazar, Rostislav Medlín, Martin Pumera

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Layered materials, like transition metal dichalcogenides, exhibit broad spectra with outstanding properties with huge application potential, whereas another group of related materials, layered transition metal trichalcogenides, remains unexplored. Here, we show the broad application potential of this interesting structural type of layered tantalum trisulfide prepared in a form of nanofibers. This material shows tailorable attractive electronic properties dependent on the tensile strain applied to it. Structure of this so-called orthorhombic phase of TaS3 grown in a form of long nanofibers has been solved and refined. Taking advantage of these capabilities, we demonstrate a highly specific impedimetric NO gas sensor based on TaS3 nanofibers as well as construction of photodetectors with excellent responsivity and field-effect transistors. Various flexible substrates were used for the construction of a NO gas sensor. Such a device exhibits a low limit of detection of 0.48 ppb, well under the allowed value set by environmental agencies for NOx (50 ppb). Moreover, this NO gas sensor also showed excellent selectivity in the presence of common interferences formed during fuel combustion. TaS3 nanofibers produced in large scale exhibited excellent broad application potential for various types of devices covering nanoelectronic, optoelectronic, and gas-sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-473
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Mayorga-Martinez, C. C., Sofer, Z., Luxa, J., Huber, Š., Sedmidubský, D., Brázda, P., Palatinus, L., Mikulics, M., Lazar, P., Medlín, R., & Pumera, M. (2018). TaS3 Nanofibers: Layered Trichalcogenide for High-Performance Electronic and Sensing Devices. ACS Nano, 12(1), 464-473. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b06853