Technical Note: A model-based sinogram correction for beam hardening artifact reduction in CT

Sung Min Lee, Jin Keun Seo, Yong Eun Chung, Jongduk Baek, Hyoung Suk Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: This study aims to propose a physics-based method of reducing beam-hardening artifacts induced by high-attenuation materials such as metal stents or other metallic implants. Methods: The proposed approach consists of deriving a sinogram inconsistency formula representing the energy dependence of the attenuation coefficient of high-attenuation materials. This inconsistency formula more accurately represents the inconsistencies of the sinogram than that of a previously reported formula (called the MAC-BC method). This is achieved by considering the properties of the high-attenuation materials, which include the materials' shapes and locations and their effects on the incident X-ray spectrum, including their attenuation coefficients. Results: Numerical simulation and phantom experiment demonstrate that the modeling error of MAC-BC method are nearly completely removed by means of the proposed method. Conclusion: The proposed method reduces beam-hardening artifacts arising from high-attenuation materials by relaxing the assumptions of the MAC-BC method. In doing so, it outperforms the original MAC-BC method. Further research is required to address other potential sources of metal artifacts, such as photon starvation, scattering, and noise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e147-e152
JournalMedical physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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