To overcome the technical difficulties of a third renal transplantation, we developed a refined technique. After native ureteral stenting, the subhepatic retroperitoneum was approached by way of a midline incision. The renal vein was sewn to the vena cava, the artery to the common iliac artery, and the ureter to the native stented ureter.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a 2005 grant-in-aid from the Research Institute for Transplantation at Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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