Temporary work and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers

W. Kim, T. H. Kim, T. H. Lee, Y. J. Ju, S. Y. Chun, Euncheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In many countries, including South Korea, labour market changes have led to an increase in unstable, temporary jobs. There is evidence that workers in such jobs may experience poorer mental health than those in more stable employment.

Aims: To investigate the association between temporary employment and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers.

Methods: We analysed data from the 2010-2014 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS). Employment type was categorized into workers paid per day of labour (day labourers), those on short-term contracts (fixed-term workers) and permanent workers. The association between employment type and depressive symptoms, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D 11), was examined using the generalized estimating equation model.

Results: A total of 3756 workers aged 20-59 were included in the 2010 baseline population. Day labourers had the highest mean CES-D 11 score, followed by fixed-term workers and permanent workers. With the day labourer group as reference, fixed-term workers (β: -1.5027, P < 0.001) and permanent workers (β: -2.1848, P < 0.001) showed statistically significant decreases in depression scores.

Conclusions: Compared with day labourers, fixed-term workers and permanent workers had progressively lower depression scores. The findings of this study suggest that mental health inequalities based on employment type exist in South Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-424
Number of pages4
JournalOccupational medicine (Oxford, England)
Volume67
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Depression
Republic of Korea
Mental Health
Contracts
Epidemiologic Studies
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kim, W. ; Kim, T. H. ; Lee, T. H. ; Ju, Y. J. ; Chun, S. Y. ; Park, Euncheol. / Temporary work and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers. In: Occupational medicine (Oxford, England). 2017 ; Vol. 67, No. 6. pp. 421-424.
@article{511de3fe933e4caf89ec91b307916c75,
title = "Temporary work and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers",
abstract = "Background: In many countries, including South Korea, labour market changes have led to an increase in unstable, temporary jobs. There is evidence that workers in such jobs may experience poorer mental health than those in more stable employment.Aims: To investigate the association between temporary employment and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers.Methods: We analysed data from the 2010-2014 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS). Employment type was categorized into workers paid per day of labour (day labourers), those on short-term contracts (fixed-term workers) and permanent workers. The association between employment type and depressive symptoms, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D 11), was examined using the generalized estimating equation model.Results: A total of 3756 workers aged 20-59 were included in the 2010 baseline population. Day labourers had the highest mean CES-D 11 score, followed by fixed-term workers and permanent workers. With the day labourer group as reference, fixed-term workers (β: -1.5027, P < 0.001) and permanent workers (β: -2.1848, P < 0.001) showed statistically significant decreases in depression scores.Conclusions: Compared with day labourers, fixed-term workers and permanent workers had progressively lower depression scores. The findings of this study suggest that mental health inequalities based on employment type exist in South Korea.",
author = "W. Kim and Kim, {T. H.} and Lee, {T. H.} and Ju, {Y. J.} and Chun, {S. Y.} and Euncheol Park",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/occmed/kqx050",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "421--424",
journal = "Occupational Medicine",
issn = "0962-7480",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "6",

}

Temporary work and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers. / Kim, W.; Kim, T. H.; Lee, T. H.; Ju, Y. J.; Chun, S. Y.; Park, Euncheol.

In: Occupational medicine (Oxford, England), Vol. 67, No. 6, 01.08.2017, p. 421-424.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Temporary work and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers

AU - Kim, W.

AU - Kim, T. H.

AU - Lee, T. H.

AU - Ju, Y. J.

AU - Chun, S. Y.

AU - Park, Euncheol

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - Background: In many countries, including South Korea, labour market changes have led to an increase in unstable, temporary jobs. There is evidence that workers in such jobs may experience poorer mental health than those in more stable employment.Aims: To investigate the association between temporary employment and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers.Methods: We analysed data from the 2010-2014 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS). Employment type was categorized into workers paid per day of labour (day labourers), those on short-term contracts (fixed-term workers) and permanent workers. The association between employment type and depressive symptoms, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D 11), was examined using the generalized estimating equation model.Results: A total of 3756 workers aged 20-59 were included in the 2010 baseline population. Day labourers had the highest mean CES-D 11 score, followed by fixed-term workers and permanent workers. With the day labourer group as reference, fixed-term workers (β: -1.5027, P < 0.001) and permanent workers (β: -2.1848, P < 0.001) showed statistically significant decreases in depression scores.Conclusions: Compared with day labourers, fixed-term workers and permanent workers had progressively lower depression scores. The findings of this study suggest that mental health inequalities based on employment type exist in South Korea.

AB - Background: In many countries, including South Korea, labour market changes have led to an increase in unstable, temporary jobs. There is evidence that workers in such jobs may experience poorer mental health than those in more stable employment.Aims: To investigate the association between temporary employment and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers.Methods: We analysed data from the 2010-2014 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS). Employment type was categorized into workers paid per day of labour (day labourers), those on short-term contracts (fixed-term workers) and permanent workers. The association between employment type and depressive symptoms, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D 11), was examined using the generalized estimating equation model.Results: A total of 3756 workers aged 20-59 were included in the 2010 baseline population. Day labourers had the highest mean CES-D 11 score, followed by fixed-term workers and permanent workers. With the day labourer group as reference, fixed-term workers (β: -1.5027, P < 0.001) and permanent workers (β: -2.1848, P < 0.001) showed statistically significant decreases in depression scores.Conclusions: Compared with day labourers, fixed-term workers and permanent workers had progressively lower depression scores. The findings of this study suggest that mental health inequalities based on employment type exist in South Korea.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045858722&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045858722&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/occmed/kqx050

DO - 10.1093/occmed/kqx050

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 421

EP - 424

JO - Occupational Medicine

JF - Occupational Medicine

SN - 0962-7480

IS - 6

ER -