Tensile behavior of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) structure with cold joints

Zheng Feng, Chuanxi Li, Lu Ke, Doo Yeol Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) structures comprise connection joints, which are typically the weakest part. Appropriate joint construction can improve the force-transfer performance of UHPFRC structures. In this study, the effects of the interfacial roughening method, steel fiber content and length, interfacial reinforcement ratio, and embedment length on the tensile behavior of UHPFRC cold joints are investigated via direct tension tests. The test results indicate that the roughening methods using high-pressure water jet and uneven plastic formwork significantly improve the bond performance of UHPFRC cold joints. Moreover, the steel fibers in the cold-joint interface enhance the tensile strength and toughness of these joints. The typical failure mode of the unreinforced UHPFRC cold joint is found to be brittle failure. By contrast, the cracking and failure surfaces shift from the cold joints to the UHPFRC matrix when the UHPFRC cold joint is well-reinforced. Furthermore, an increase in the interfacial reinforcement ratio and embedment length improves the ultimate tensile strength of the reinforced UHPFRC cold-joint specimens, whereas the minimum embedment length decreases with the interfacial reinforcement ratio (should be at least 40 mm). In addition, an equation for the minimum embedment length of reinforcing steel rebars is proposed. The proposed method can be applied to determine the effects of the parameters, tensile strengths of the UHPFRC matrix and cold joint interface, reinforcement ratio, and rebar diameter on the tensile behavior of UHPFRC cold joints.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115084
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation Project of China (Grant NO.52078059, NO.51778069) and the Scientific Research Foundation for the Young Teachers in Guangxi University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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