The effects of Si concentration and austenite grain size (AGS) on the tensile properties, stacking fault energy (γ), and deformation mode of Fe-18Mn-0.6C (wt.%) steel were investigated to improve the yield strength (YS) of twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel. The 3% Si-added steel revealed the higher YS than previous TWIP steels at the same level of AGS. In particular when the AGS was ∼6.8 μm, its YS reached ∼593 MPa, which is comparable to the YS (613 MPa) of transformation-induced plasticity steel with a tensile strength of 980 MPa. The measured γ of 3% Si-added steel was exponentially decreased with grain coarsening primarily due to the reduction of micro-strain, finally reaching its intrinsic γ (γint) at the AGSs above ∼70 μm. This indicates that the γint measurement by means of X-ray diffractometry must be performed using coarse-grained specimens with the AGSs above ∼70 μm. Critical resolved shear stresses for twinning (τtwin) and ε-martensitic transformation (τε-mart) were evaluated as a function of AGS in (0-3%) Si-added steels. Whereas the τtwin value was slightly decreased with increasing AGS or Si concentration, the τε-mart value was more significantly reduced. This indicates that ε-martensitic transformation precedes mechanical twinning with increasing AGS or Si concentration. As a result, a transition of deformation mode from mechanical twinning to ε-martensitic transformation occurred with grain coarsening in Si-added steels. A critical AGS for the transition of deformation mode was reduced from ∼69 μm to ∼15 μm with increasing Si concentration from 0.5 wt.% to 3.0 wt.%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys