We have investigated the complex conductivity of silver nanowire thin films using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. Maxwell-Garnett effective medium theory, which accounts for the effective complex conductivity of silver nanowires, is presented in detail theoretically and experimentally. The conductivity of nanowires exhibits a characteristic non-Drude response in which the applied terahertz field is polarized in the longitudinal nanowire direction. The non-Drude responses of the silver nanowires are explained by the Gans approximation and the Drude-Smith model, and both agree well with the experimental data. Our results provide a basis for further explorations of charge carrier dynamics in nanowire-based transparent electrode applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)