Terrorism and expatriate withdrawal cognitions: the differential role of perceived work and non-work constraints

Anna Katharina Bader, Carol Reade, Fabian Jintae Froese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Building on stress theory, this study investigates the mechanism by which terrorism influences withdrawal cognitions of expatriates, namely, via perceived threat as well as perceived constraints in the work and non-work domains. Data from 160 expatriates currently working in African and Asian countries show that the level of terrorism relates to expatriates’ perceived threat. Further, we find that the effect of this perceived threat is stronger on perceived constraints in the non-work than in the work domain. While perceived constraints in the work domain have a direct effect on job turnover intentions, perceived constraints in the non-work domain have a direct effect on country leave intentions and an indirect, spillover effect on job turnover intentions. Our study underscores the importance of both work and non-work domains for understanding stress and turnover related to expatriation in terrorism-endangered countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1769-1793
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 17


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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