The acquisition of declarative and procedural knowledge on korean causative constructions by chinese learners of Korean

Sun Hee Park, Hyunwoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated whether Chinese-speaking L2 learners of Korean can acquire Korean causative constructions (i.e. morphological and analytic causatives) and make use of the relevant knowledge in real-time sentence comprehension. Korean morphological causatives allow the causee to be marked by an accusative case, but not by a nominative case. In contrast, Korean analytic causatives allow both accusative and nominative case marking for a causee. In an acceptability judgment task, L2 learners as a whole group (n = 60) failed to reject morphological causative sentences when the causee was marked by a nominative case. However, a subset of L2 learners (n = 28) showed target-like performance, rejecting the infelicitous morphological causatives that involved a nominative-marked causee. In a self-paced reading task, the same subset of L2 learners did not show sensitivity to the infelicitous morphological causatives with a nominative-marked causee, indicating their limitations in applying the knowledge to real-time language processing. We discuss these findings from the perspectives of L2 learners’ declarative and procedural knowledge of the Korean causative constructions and provide suggestions to teach the target constructions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-372
Number of pages17
JournalElectronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching
Volume15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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speaking
comprehension
language
performance
Procedural
Causative
Chinese Learners
Group
time
L2 Learners
Nominative Case
Nominative
Accusative Case
Self-paced Reading
Language Processing
Case Marking
Teaching
Sentence Comprehension
Acceptability Judgments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

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abstract = "This study investigated whether Chinese-speaking L2 learners of Korean can acquire Korean causative constructions (i.e. morphological and analytic causatives) and make use of the relevant knowledge in real-time sentence comprehension. Korean morphological causatives allow the causee to be marked by an accusative case, but not by a nominative case. In contrast, Korean analytic causatives allow both accusative and nominative case marking for a causee. In an acceptability judgment task, L2 learners as a whole group (n = 60) failed to reject morphological causative sentences when the causee was marked by a nominative case. However, a subset of L2 learners (n = 28) showed target-like performance, rejecting the infelicitous morphological causatives that involved a nominative-marked causee. In a self-paced reading task, the same subset of L2 learners did not show sensitivity to the infelicitous morphological causatives with a nominative-marked causee, indicating their limitations in applying the knowledge to real-time language processing. We discuss these findings from the perspectives of L2 learners’ declarative and procedural knowledge of the Korean causative constructions and provide suggestions to teach the target constructions.",
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