The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores on postoperative complication rates and total hospital charges following laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer. All patients (n = 664) underwent laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. A group of patients with an ASA score of 1 or 2 (n = 575) and a group of patients with an ASA score of 3 (n = 89) were compared. The mean age was higher in the group of patients with an ASA score of 3 than in the group of patients with an ASA score of 1 or 2 (70 vs 67 years). The rate of ICU admission (27% vs 15%) was higher in the ASA score 3 group. The mean hospital stay (14 vs 12 days) was longer in the ASA score 3 group. Postoperative 30-day complications (38% vs 27%), 30-day mortality (2% vs 0%), and a Clavien-Dindo classification of ≥3 (21% vs 11%) occurred more frequently in the ASA score 3 group. Mean total hospital charges were significantly higher in the ASA score 3 group (13,906 vs 11,575 USD). Independent risk factors that affected postoperative complications were older age [≥80 years, hazard ratio (HR) = 2.8], an ASA score of 3 (HR = 1.6), and the presence of a primary rectal tumor (HR = 1.6). Postoperative complication rates were 21.9%, 28.5%, and 38.2% in the ASA score 1, 2, and 3 groups, respectively. Total hospital charges were 14,376 USD and 10,877 USD in the groups with and without postoperative complications, respectively. Mean total hospital charges were 10,769 USD, 11,756 USD, and 13,906 USD in the ASA score 1, 2, and 3 groups, respectively. Preoperative ASA scores may be a predictor of postoperative complications and hospital costs when planning laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer.
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