The application of atomic layer deposition for metallization of 65 nm and beyond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the implementation of Cu interconnect technology, the conventional thin film deposition technique including physical vapor deposition (PVD) shows its fundamental limitation with 65 nm technology node and beyond and the need for introducing metal thin film deposition technique with excellent conformality and controllability of thickness at nanometer scale has been increased. For nanoscale devices, each of the layers or structures used in the interconnect features should be as thin and as perfect as possible. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) has sparked a lot of interest in the interconnect world for a number of reasons. The process is intrinsically atomic in nature, and results in the controlled deposition of films in sub-monolayer units. Ideally, film thickness is determined by number of deposition cycles, rather than timing of a continuous deposition process (like PVD) with a precalibrated deposition rate. Besides application as a diffusion barrier, metal films deposited by ALD is expected to be used in other critical interconnect area including direct platable layer and contact applications. In this presentation, we will present the development of ALD process for various metals and metal nitride layers including Ta, TaN, and Ru focusing on applications for back end of the line process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3104-3111
Number of pages8
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume200
Issue number10 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 24

Fingerprint

Atomic layer deposition
atomic layer epitaxy
Metallizing
Metals
Physical vapor deposition
Thin films
vapor deposition
Diffusion barriers
metal nitrides
Deposition rates
Controllability
Nitrides
controllability
Film thickness
thin films
Monolayers
metal films
metals
film thickness
time measurement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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The application of atomic layer deposition for metallization of 65 nm and beyond. / Kim, Hyungjun.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 200, No. 10 SPEC. ISS., 24.02.2006, p. 3104-3111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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