The issues of the article are associated with the development of the renewable energy source (RES) sector in the world and in Poland. The subject is undoubtedly connected with the problem of the energy transformation taking place in most countries nowadays. Energy transformation processes are mainly associated with an increase in the share of energy production from RES and increased awareness of energy use by end consumers. This means that the systematic development of the RES sector is a necessary condition for linking the effective course of energy transition processes with simultaneous socio-economic development. The main objective of this study is to present the status of the RES sector in Poland against the background of worldwide development tendencies. The implementation of the objective made it possible to indicate key trends in the production and use of energy from individual RES and to assess to what extent Poland follows global trends. Poland is one of the European countries where hard coal and lignite constitute the main source of energy. On the other hand Poland, as a Member State of the EU, is obliged to implement the energy strategy within the framework of the European Green Deal, where all Member States are to become climate neutral.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec 15|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The European Green Deal constitutes a new strategy for the economic development of the European Union (EU). Its most important goal is to restructure the economy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Europe to a net-zero level by 2050 at the latest. Some greenhouse gases may still end up in the atmosphere, but this needs to be counterbalanced by absorption through ecosystems or technical devices. The goal of achieving climate neutrality has been supported by the Parliament and the European Council and is reflected in the European Climate Law. To achieve the goal of climate neutrality, the EU's climate goals have been set for 2030. Currently, EU law obliges EU countries to jointly reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% compared to 1990, increase the share of renewable energy to 32% and reduce energy demand by 32.5% compared to forecasts. The first step towards climate neutrality under the Green Deal is to increase the EU's commitment to reduce emissions to 50 or 55%. The decision approving such a reduction will also involve increasing the remaining goals: the share of RES and limiting the growth rate of energy demand, as well as introducing stricter regulations on emissions from the sectors of industry, transport, and agriculture, and a radical reduction in energy consumption in buildings [ 32 ].
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Modelling and Simulation
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Building and Construction
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Mechanical Engineering
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering