Protein tyrosine kinase (PTK)6, also known as breast tumor kinase, is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase. It is closely associated with, but evolutionarily distinct from, the Src family members. PTK6 has a role in proliferation, migra-tion and invasion in various cancers, and therefore has been suggested as a potentially valuable therapeutic target. In an attempt to develop PTK6 inhibitors, chemicals known to inhibit various kinases were screened for their ability to inhibit PTK6. Pyrazolopyrimidine (PP)1, PP2 and a lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor strongly inhibited the catalytic activity of PTK6 in vitro. These chemicals suppressed the phosphorylation of PTK6 substrate proteins, including signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, in human embry-onic kidney (HEK) 293 cells expressing hyperactive PTK6. They also expressed selectivity towards PTK6 over other PTK members in HEK 293 cells. PP1 and PP2 specifically inhibited the PTK6-dependent proliferation of human breast carcinoma T-47D cells. PP1 and PP2 were more selective for PTK6 than for Src family kinases, and may be useful for the treatment of PTK6-positive malignant diseases such as breast cancer.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The present study was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (grant no. 2014M3C9A2064536).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research