The association between social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans

Jieun Yang, Euncheol Park, Sang Ah Lee, Joo Eun Lee, Dong Woo Choi, Wonjeong Chae, Sung In Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: South Korea has an increasing aging population; thus, the management of depressive symptoms in elderly individuals is important. In this population, fewer social contacts might be a risk factor for depressive symptoms. We examined associations between the frequency of social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans and factors associated with these symptoms. Methods: Data from 62,845 individuals over 65 years of age enrolled in the 2015 Community Health Survey were used in this study. Logistic regression was performed to test the association between depressive symptoms and social contacts. Results: Individuals who had contact with neighbors less than once a week were more likely to experience depressive symptoms [odds ratio (OR): 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10–1.35] compared to those who had contact more than once a week. Individuals who had frequent contact with neighbors and friends, neighbors and relatives, or all three groups were significantly less likely to experience depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The frequency of social contact with neighbors was the most powerful factor associated with elderly adults’ depressive symptoms among other social relationships. Additional senior welfare centers may facilitate the ability of elderly individuals in meeting neighbors, thereby reducing the risk of depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-868
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Depression
Senior Centers
Republic of Korea
Aptitude
Health Surveys
Population
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Yang, Jieun ; Park, Euncheol ; Lee, Sang Ah ; Lee, Joo Eun ; Choi, Dong Woo ; Chae, Wonjeong ; Jang, Sung In. / The association between social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans. In: Psychiatry Investigation. 2018 ; Vol. 15, No. 9. pp. 861-868.
@article{c5ff41ac7f9e4dc69d6ef9836208361e,
title = "The association between social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans",
abstract = "Objective: South Korea has an increasing aging population; thus, the management of depressive symptoms in elderly individuals is important. In this population, fewer social contacts might be a risk factor for depressive symptoms. We examined associations between the frequency of social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans and factors associated with these symptoms. Methods: Data from 62,845 individuals over 65 years of age enrolled in the 2015 Community Health Survey were used in this study. Logistic regression was performed to test the association between depressive symptoms and social contacts. Results: Individuals who had contact with neighbors less than once a week were more likely to experience depressive symptoms [odds ratio (OR): 1.22, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 1.10–1.35] compared to those who had contact more than once a week. Individuals who had frequent contact with neighbors and friends, neighbors and relatives, or all three groups were significantly less likely to experience depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The frequency of social contact with neighbors was the most powerful factor associated with elderly adults’ depressive symptoms among other social relationships. Additional senior welfare centers may facilitate the ability of elderly individuals in meeting neighbors, thereby reducing the risk of depressive symptoms.",
author = "Jieun Yang and Euncheol Park and Lee, {Sang Ah} and Lee, {Joo Eun} and Choi, {Dong Woo} and Wonjeong Chae and Jang, {Sung In}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.30773/PI.2018.06.28.1",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "861--868",
journal = "Psychiatry Investigation",
issn = "1738-3684",
publisher = "Korean Neuropsychiatric Association",
number = "9",

}

The association between social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans. / Yang, Jieun; Park, Euncheol; Lee, Sang Ah; Lee, Joo Eun; Choi, Dong Woo; Chae, Wonjeong; Jang, Sung In.

In: Psychiatry Investigation, Vol. 15, No. 9, 01.01.2018, p. 861-868.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association between social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans

AU - Yang, Jieun

AU - Park, Euncheol

AU - Lee, Sang Ah

AU - Lee, Joo Eun

AU - Choi, Dong Woo

AU - Chae, Wonjeong

AU - Jang, Sung In

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Objective: South Korea has an increasing aging population; thus, the management of depressive symptoms in elderly individuals is important. In this population, fewer social contacts might be a risk factor for depressive symptoms. We examined associations between the frequency of social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans and factors associated with these symptoms. Methods: Data from 62,845 individuals over 65 years of age enrolled in the 2015 Community Health Survey were used in this study. Logistic regression was performed to test the association between depressive symptoms and social contacts. Results: Individuals who had contact with neighbors less than once a week were more likely to experience depressive symptoms [odds ratio (OR): 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10–1.35] compared to those who had contact more than once a week. Individuals who had frequent contact with neighbors and friends, neighbors and relatives, or all three groups were significantly less likely to experience depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The frequency of social contact with neighbors was the most powerful factor associated with elderly adults’ depressive symptoms among other social relationships. Additional senior welfare centers may facilitate the ability of elderly individuals in meeting neighbors, thereby reducing the risk of depressive symptoms.

AB - Objective: South Korea has an increasing aging population; thus, the management of depressive symptoms in elderly individuals is important. In this population, fewer social contacts might be a risk factor for depressive symptoms. We examined associations between the frequency of social contacts and depressive symptoms among elderly Koreans and factors associated with these symptoms. Methods: Data from 62,845 individuals over 65 years of age enrolled in the 2015 Community Health Survey were used in this study. Logistic regression was performed to test the association between depressive symptoms and social contacts. Results: Individuals who had contact with neighbors less than once a week were more likely to experience depressive symptoms [odds ratio (OR): 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10–1.35] compared to those who had contact more than once a week. Individuals who had frequent contact with neighbors and friends, neighbors and relatives, or all three groups were significantly less likely to experience depressive symptoms. Conclusion: The frequency of social contact with neighbors was the most powerful factor associated with elderly adults’ depressive symptoms among other social relationships. Additional senior welfare centers may facilitate the ability of elderly individuals in meeting neighbors, thereby reducing the risk of depressive symptoms.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064741261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064741261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.30773/PI.2018.06.28.1

DO - 10.30773/PI.2018.06.28.1

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 861

EP - 868

JO - Psychiatry Investigation

JF - Psychiatry Investigation

SN - 1738-3684

IS - 9

ER -