The biosocial correlates of neuropsychological deficits: Results from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health

Kevin M. Beaver, Michael G. Vaughn, Matt Delisi, George E. Higgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A body of empirical research has revealed that neuropsychological functioning is one of the most consistent predictors of antisocial behavior. It is somewhat surprising however that criminological research has been slow to examine the different factors that are implicated in the development of neuropsychological deficits. This study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the effects that a number of social and biological variables have on neuropsychological functioning. Analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) indicates that postnatal exposure to cigarette smoke, duration of breastfeeding, maternal involvement, and household income predicts variation in adolescent and adulthood levels of neuropsychological functioning. Implications of the findings are noted and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-894
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

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