The centers of early-type galaxies with HST. II. Empirical models and structural parameters

Yong-Ik Byun, Carl J. Grillmair, S. M. Faber, Edward A. Ajhar, Alan Dressler, John Kormendy, Tod R. Lauer, Douglas Richstone, Scott Tremaine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a set of structural parameters for the central parts of 57 early-type galaxies observed with the Planetary Camera of the Hubble Space Telescope. These parameters are based on a new empirical law that successfully characterizes the centers of early-type galaxies. This empirical law assumes that the surface brightness profile is a combination of two power laws with different slopes γ and β for the inner and outer regions. Conventional structural parameters such as core radius and central surface brightness are replaced by break radius rb, where the transition between power-law slopes takes place, and surface brightness μb at that radius. An additional parameter α describes the sharpness of the break. The structural parameters are derived using a χ2 minimization process applied to the mean surface brightness profiles. The resulting model profiles generally give very good agreement to the observed profiles out to the radius of ~10″ imaged by the Planetary Camera. Exceptions include galaxies which depart from pure power laws at large radius, those with strong nuclear components, and galaxies partly obscured by dust. The uncertainties in the derived parameters are estimated using Monte Carlo simulations which test the stability of solutions in the face of photon noise and the effects of the deconvolution process. The covariance of the structural parameters is examined by computing contours of constant χ2 in multi-dimensional parameter space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1889-1900
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume111
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 May 1

Fingerprint

galaxies
brightness
radii
power law
profiles
cameras
slopes
parameter
sharpness
deconvolution
Hubble Space Telescope
dust
optimization
photons
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Byun, Y-I., Grillmair, C. J., Faber, S. M., Ajhar, E. A., Dressler, A., Kormendy, J., ... Tremaine, S. (1996). The centers of early-type galaxies with HST. II. Empirical models and structural parameters. Astronomical Journal, 111(5), 1889-1900. https://doi.org/10.1086/117927
Byun, Yong-Ik ; Grillmair, Carl J. ; Faber, S. M. ; Ajhar, Edward A. ; Dressler, Alan ; Kormendy, John ; Lauer, Tod R. ; Richstone, Douglas ; Tremaine, Scott. / The centers of early-type galaxies with HST. II. Empirical models and structural parameters. In: Astronomical Journal. 1996 ; Vol. 111, No. 5. pp. 1889-1900.
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Byun, Y-I, Grillmair, CJ, Faber, SM, Ajhar, EA, Dressler, A, Kormendy, J, Lauer, TR, Richstone, D & Tremaine, S 1996, 'The centers of early-type galaxies with HST. II. Empirical models and structural parameters', Astronomical Journal, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 1889-1900. https://doi.org/10.1086/117927

The centers of early-type galaxies with HST. II. Empirical models and structural parameters. / Byun, Yong-Ik; Grillmair, Carl J.; Faber, S. M.; Ajhar, Edward A.; Dressler, Alan; Kormendy, John; Lauer, Tod R.; Richstone, Douglas; Tremaine, Scott.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 111, No. 5, 01.05.1996, p. 1889-1900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Grillmair, Carl J.

AU - Faber, S. M.

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AU - Dressler, Alan

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AU - Lauer, Tod R.

AU - Richstone, Douglas

AU - Tremaine, Scott

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AB - We present a set of structural parameters for the central parts of 57 early-type galaxies observed with the Planetary Camera of the Hubble Space Telescope. These parameters are based on a new empirical law that successfully characterizes the centers of early-type galaxies. This empirical law assumes that the surface brightness profile is a combination of two power laws with different slopes γ and β for the inner and outer regions. Conventional structural parameters such as core radius and central surface brightness are replaced by break radius rb, where the transition between power-law slopes takes place, and surface brightness μb at that radius. An additional parameter α describes the sharpness of the break. The structural parameters are derived using a χ2 minimization process applied to the mean surface brightness profiles. The resulting model profiles generally give very good agreement to the observed profiles out to the radius of ~10″ imaged by the Planetary Camera. Exceptions include galaxies which depart from pure power laws at large radius, those with strong nuclear components, and galaxies partly obscured by dust. The uncertainties in the derived parameters are estimated using Monte Carlo simulations which test the stability of solutions in the face of photon noise and the effects of the deconvolution process. The covariance of the structural parameters is examined by computing contours of constant χ2 in multi-dimensional parameter space.

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