The changes of PCR ribotype and antimicrobial resistance of Clostridium difficile in a tertiary care hospital over 10 years

Jong Han Lee, Yangsoon Lee, Kyungwon Lee, Thomas V. Riley, Heejung Kim

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate any change in PCR ribotypes and to determine the antimicrobial resistance of common PCR ribotypes over a 10-year period in a tertiary care hospital. We conducted PCR ribotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility testing and DNA gyrase sequencing to identify changes in 1407 Clostridium difficile non-duplicated isolates obtained between 2000 and 2009. A total of 74 different ribotypes were found. The most prevalent ribotype was ribotype 001 (26.1 %). The prevalence of ribotype 017 was 17% and that of ribotype 014/020 was 9.6 %. Ribotyping showed that the prevalence of ribotype 001 decreased and the prevalence of ribotypes 017, 014/020 and 018 increased over the 10 years. Antimicrobial resistance rates in prevalent ribotypes were: clindamycin, 81 %; cefotetan, 19%; moxifloxacin, 42 %; imipenem, 8%; ciprofloxacin, 100% and erythromycin, 80 %. Ribotype 018 showed greater antimicrobial resistance than other ribotypes. All ribotype 018 strains showing moxifloxacin resistance had a substitution of a gyrA coding amino acid (Thr82 to Ile). This study will help the understanding of PCR ribotype trends and antimicrobial resistance of C. difficile in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)819-823
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Medical Microbiology
Volume63
Issue numberPART 6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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