To investigate the molecular organization and phase behavior of physiologic lipid mixtures that contain either newly synthesized pseudoceramide or type III synthetic ceramide, various analytical techniques were used. The phase transition temperatures detected in differential scanning calorimetry analysis were 51.19 and 50.52 for the pseudoceramide-containing physiologic lipid mixture and synthetic type III ceramide-containing lipid mixture, respectively. From the small angle XRD patterns, the multilamellar emulsion-pseudoceramide showed 11.5 nm and 7.61 nm lamellar phases, while the multilamellar emulsion-synthetic ceramide showed only a 7.61 nm lamellar phase. The nonceramide containing lipid mixture did not show any distinct repeat pattern. Lateral packing distances of multilamellar emulsion-pseudoceramide and multilamellar emulsion-synthetic ceramide were measured as 0.4119 and 0.4110 nm at 30, respectively, which indicated the presence of hexagonal lattice. On the contrary, non-multilamellar emulsion did not show any definite repeat pattern. Transmission electron microscopy observation showed nearly comparable lamellar structures in all of the tested emulsions compared to the structure of human stratum corneum intercellular lipid. Decrease of water contents resulted in phase transition into liquid phase for all the tested emulsions, whereas phase transition into orthorhombic phase was observed only in multilamellar emulsion-pseudoceramide. From these results, we concluded that the molecular organization of multilamellar emulsion-pseudoceramide was characterized as the lateral hexagonal phase and both the long and short periodicity lamellar phases, which showed structural similarity with the native human stratum corneum intercellular lipid.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology