◆ Background: Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) is associated with the development of various structural and functional changes to the peritoneal membrane when bioincompatibie conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) are used. In this study, we looked at patients that were treated with conventional PDFs and then changed to novel biocompatible PDFs with a neutral pH and a tow concentration of glucose degradation products (GDPs) to investigate whether this change could result in the arrest or reversal of peritoneal membrane deterioration. ◆ Methods: In an open label, randomized prospective trial, the clinical effects of conventional PDFs and biocompatible PDFs with neutral pH and very low concentration of GDPs were compared in 104 patients equally divided between both study PDFs. Blood and effluent dialysate samples, peritoneal equilibration tests, and adequacy evaluation were undertaken at baseline, 4, 8, and 12 months. The target variables were the ratio of dialysate-to-plasma (D/P) creatinine, peritoneal ultrafiltration, residual renal function, dialysis adequacy indices, and effluent cancer antigen 125 (CA125). ◆ Results: D/P creatinine values were not different in the two groups. Peritoneal ultrafiltration was significantly higher in the low-GDP PDF group than in the conventional PDF group at all follow-up times (4 months: 9.1 ± 4.3 vs 6.0 ± 3.0; 8 months: 8.3 ± 3.4 vs 6.0 ± 3.0; 12 months: 8.9 ± 3.3 vs 6.1 ± 3.3 mL/g dextrose/day; p < 0.05). Peritoneal. Kt/V urea values and total weekly Kt/V urea values at 4 monthswere significantly higher in the low-GDP PDF group than in the conventional PDF group. Residual renal function was not statistically significant. Effluent CA125 levels were significantly higher in the low-GDP PDF group at all follow-up visits (4 months: 37.8 ± 20.8 vs 22.0 ± 9.5; 8 months: 41.2 ± 20.3 vs 25.9 ± 11.3; 12 months: 40.4 ± 21.4 vs 28.6 ± 13.0U/mL; p < 0.05). Among anuric patients, peritoneal ultrafiltration at 4, 8, and 12 months, total weekly Kt/V at 4 and 8 months, and CA125 levels at all follow-up visits were significantly higher in patients treated with Low-GDP PDF than those treated with conventional PDF. However, among anuric patients, D/P creatinine showed no significant differences between the low-GDP PDF group and the conventional PDF group. ◆ Conclusion: The use oi biocompatible PDFs with neutral pH and low GDP concentration can contribute to improvement of peritoneal ultrafiltration and peritoneal effluent CA125 level, an indicator of peritoneal membrane integrity in PD patients.
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