Objective: Coronary angiography (CAG) is the gold standard method in evaluating graft patency following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), even though there are several kinds of non-invasive methods. Recently developed multi-slice CT (m-CT), having effective scan times up to 0.25 s and multi-row detector array systems, enable rapid imaging of cardiac structures, including coronary arteries during one breath-hold. We compared m-CT with CAG for the evaluation of graft patency following CABG. Methods: Forty-two patients having undergone m-CT and CAG within 3 months of CABG were studied. Twenty-three patients underwent conventional CABG and 19 off-pump CABG. A total of 125 grafts were used, including 42 left internal mammary arteries (LIMA), 25 radial arteries (RA), 3 right internal mammary arteries (RIMA) and 55 vein grafts. Results: CAG showed a 96% (120/125) patency rate (1 LIMA, 2 RA and 2 vein grafts were occluded). m-CT showed a 98% (122/125) correct positive ratio with a sensitivity and specificity of 98 and 100%, respectively. The sensitivity in LIMA, RA, RIMA and vein grafts was 98, 91, 100 and 100%, respectively, with 100% specificity for all. There was an equivocal result in the competitive grafts with native coronary artery that were patent in the CAG, but faint opacification with no significant flow in the m-CT. Conclusions: This study showed that m-CT was very simple, useful and accurate in evaluating graft patency during the early post-operative period following CABG, even though there was an equivocal result in the competitive grafts with a native coronary artery.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine