This article examines the relationship between social networks and organizational commitment in a globalized workplace. The authors fnd not only that organizational commitment is affected by the network properties of size, power connection, and national/ethnic composition but also that these network effects are contingent upon whether the content conveyed in the relationship is instrumental or expressive. Results demonstrate that organizational commitment is (1) positively associated with network size in instrumental ties but not in expressive ties, (2) positively associated with the power of network partners in instrumental ties but less so in expressive ties, and (3) positively associated with national/ethnic diversity in expressive ties but not in instrumental ties. Findings highlight the relational foundation of organizational commitment and suggest that social networks of employees, contingent upon specifc content, present different opportunities to their level of commitment to the organization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sociology and Political Science